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從人骨和獸骨之骨膠原碳與氮穩定同位素組成看圓山文化人的攝食特徵

Paleodietary pattern of the Yuan-Shan Neolithic people in Taiwan: Evidence from carbon and nitrogen stable isotopic analyses of human skeletons and faunal remains

Abstracts


人骨與獸骨同位素組成分析已被成功應用於解析史前人類的攝食特徵和生業系統。本研究嘗試引此分析圓山遺址所出土的七具人骨和三具獸骨樣本之骨膠原碳、氮同位素組成,進而探討圓山人的攝食體系。分析結果顯示圓山人的飲食成分以C_3食物源,例如C_3植物和以C_3類食物為食的動物(鹿和豬),以及海洋食物源(可能主要來自貝類)為主,至於C_4食物源的貢獻則較小。此一結果與先前由生態遺留和出土器物等證據推論所得的攝食特徵與生業型態是吻合的。綜合言之,本研究成果不僅呼應前人研究,即圓山人以狩獵採集,並行C_3植物耕作為其生業活動;結合同位素分析結果和考古證據,則將此認識更加深化。

Parallel abstracts


The application of isotopic analysis on human skeletons and faunal remains has successfully provided insights into the dietary patterns and subsistence systems of prehistoric populations. In this study, seven human skeletons and three faunal remains collected from the Yuan-Shan archaeological site were subjected to carbon and nitrogen isotopic analyses in order to investigate the dietary pattern of Yuan-Shan people. The isotopic results indicated that their diet may have consisted of mainly C3-based foods, such as C3 plants and the animals (e.g. deer and pig) that consumed C3 foods, and marine resources, potentially marine shellfish. The contribution of C4-based foods to the overall diet seemed to be minor. The isotope results conform to the previous paleodietary studies based on the evidences of ecofact and artifact remains of Yuan-Shan site. All available lines of evidence suggest that the Yuan-Shan people practiced hunting, gathering, and C3-plant cultivation as their subsistence activities.

References


Ambrose, Stanley H. 1993 Isotopic Analysis of Paleodiet: Methodological and Interpretive Considerations. In Investigations of Ancient Human Tissue: Chemical Analyses in Anthropology. Mary K. Sandford, ed. Pp. 59-130. Langhorne: Gordon and Breach.
Ambrose, Stanley H. 2000 Controlled Diet and Climate Experiments on Nitrogen Isotope Ratios of Rats. In Biogeochemical Approaches to Paleodietary Analysis. Stanley H. Ambrose and M. A. Katzenberg, eds. Pp. 243-259. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Ambrose, Stanley H., Jane Buikstra, and Harold W. Krueger 2003 Status and Gender Differences in Diet at Mound 72, Cahokia, Revealed by Isotopic Analysis of Bone. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 22: 217-226.
Beasley, Melanie M., Eric J. Bartelink, Lacy Taylor, and Randy M. Miller 2014 Comparison of Transmission FTIR, ATR, and DRIFT Spectra: Implications for Assessment of Bone Bioapatite Diagenesis. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 46: 16-22.
Chisholm, Brian S., D. Erle Nelson, and Henry Schwarcz 1982 Stable Carbon Isotope Ratios as a Measure of Marine Versus Terrestrial Protein in Ancient Diets. Science 216: 1131-1132.

Cited by


陳珮瑜(2020)。生業資源的利用與小規模社會的發展:比較觀點下的海洋假說與宴飲消費考古人類學刊(93),49-85。https://doi.org/10.6152/jaa.202012_(93).0002

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