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成者為妻,敗者妾妓:婚姻轉型與女權演化

Winners Take All! Marriage Transformation and Women's Rights Evolution

Abstracts


本文以敘事分析方法閱讀三種文本──連續劇、專題訪談、英美語界四篇女性主義文章──藉以探討妓妾與妻之身影如何再現於時刻連動的光譜,亦即民初開始朝向平等專偶婚姻轉型的一夫一妻制度。在這三種文本裡,《艋舺女人》連續劇以及尤美女律師的一則訪談各自觸及1997年台北的公娼抗爭運動以及牽連的婦女運動「家變」,而四篇美國女性主義介入婦女、同志運動的文字,在四十年前的冷戰尾端思索著全球女性、同志連結的可能基礎──婚姻買賣之結構壓迫、父權暴力與男性特質、父權與男「性」讓女性墊底的性暴力與剝削,以及新興「性」族群的多元民主與倫理的建立。本文企圖說明,英美語系女性主義理論的譯介,讓婚姻制度在特定區域之歷史過程隱形化;婚姻轉型中介下,女性親密勞動之移動、移動的連帶,以及傳遞與分工,在連續劇、訪談、理論文字譯介中承受了女性主義加速進步敘述下的性污名甩尾效應。

Parallel abstracts


This paper reads three kinds of texts-a television serial, an interview, and four Anglophone feminist texts-to explore representations of prostitutes, concubines, and wives along the spectrum of a century-long marriage transformation toward modern egalitarian monogamy. In these texts, the serial Monga Woman and the interview with Yu Mei-nu both touched upon the 1997 Taipei licensed prostitutes' movement and the ensuing women's movement's split. And in an era of Cold War detente, the four feminist texts intervened into a decade of US women's movement and lesbian and gay movement, debating on the structural oppression of marriage as traffic in women, the dual violence of patriarchy and masculinity in constituting women as "bottom," and the possibilities of new sexual communities and ethics. Taiwan's 1990s' translations of Anglophone feminist texts in effect invisibilized hierarchies of marriage forms in the racial capitalist formation shared by the US and Taiwan. This paper reveals women's labor as moving in a continuum of relayed intimate work through changing legal marriage forms, as is happening from prostitution through concubinage into wifely positions. The serial, the interview, and the theorization track heightened sexual stigma as a drift effect from the accelerating feminist progress narrative.

References


Parry, Amie Elizabeth. 2016. “Exemplary Affect: Corruption and Transparency in Popular Cultures.” The Wenshan Review of Literature and Culture 9.2: 39-71.
Barlow, Tani. 2000. “International Feminism of the Future.” Feminisms at a Millenium. Spec. issue of Signs 25.4: 1099-1105.
Barlow, Tani. 2001a. “Degree Zero of History.” Comparative Literature 53.4: 404-25.
Barlow, Tani. 2001b. “One Single Catastrophe.” Radical History Review 79: 77-80.
Benjamin, Geoffrey. 1985, 2015. “The Unseen Presence: A Theory of the Nation-State and Its Mystifications.” 1985. Working Paper Series of the Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 16.4: 548-85.

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