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Effect of food service form on eating rate: meal served in a separated form might lower eating rate

食物提供的形式对食用率的影响:餐食分开提供形式可能会降低食用率

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Abstracts


在这项研究中,我们调查食物形式(混合或分开)和食用率之间的关系。该实验使用了受试者设计(n=29,年轻健康体重正常的女性)。具有相同内容和重量的测试餐(白米饭和小菜)以混合或分开的形式提供。食物提供的形式显著影响消费量和进食速度:当测试餐以混合形式提供(285 g, 575 kcal)的时候,受试者吃的显著多于测试餐以分开形式提供(244 g,492 kcal)。此外,当测试餐以混合形式提供时受试者吃的也显著快(22.4 g/min)于以分开形式提供(16.2 g/min)。尽管当测试餐以混合的形式提供比以分开形式提供受试者消费更多,但受试者并没有感到更显著的饱腹感。总之,我们证实食物以分开形式提供可能降低食用率,而且更慢的进食速度与较少的能量摄入相关,而不影响饱腹感。

Parallel abstracts


In this study, we investigated the association between food form (mixed vs separated) and eating rate. The experiment used a within-subjects design (n=29, young healthy women with normal weight). Test meals (white rice and side dishes) with the same content and volume were served at lunch in a mixed or separated form. The form in which the food was served had significant effects on consumption volume and eating rate; subjects ate significantly more (p<0.05) when a test meal was served as a mixed form (285 g, 575 kcal) compared to a separated form (244 g, 492 kcal). Moreover, subjects also ate significantly faster (p<0.05) when the test meal was served as a mixed form (22.4 g/min) as compared to a separated form (16.2 g/min). Despite consuming more when the test meal was served as a mixed form than when served as a separated form, the subjects did not feel significantly fuller. In conclusion, we confirmed that meals served in a separated form might lower the eating rate and, moreover, slower eating might be associated with less energy intake, without compromising satiety.

Parallel keywords

eating habit eating rate energy intake food mixing obesity

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