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Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 1993-1996: Design, Contents, and Operations

國民營養健康狀況變遷調查,NAHSIT 1993-1996:調查設計、執行方式、及內容

Abstracts


國民營養健康狀況變遷調查(Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan, NAHSIT, 1993-1996)乃是針對民國八十二年七月至八十五年六月間臺灣各地區國民,偵測當時全民以及各性別、年齡別及地區別民眾之營養、健康狀況,生活形態,健康知識/行為/態度,以提供衛生單位作為擬定衛生政策之參考。在此次調查中,我們將臺灣地區359個鄉鎮市區分為客家、山地、東部、澎湖、院轄市、省轄市及都市化程度第一級地區、和都市化程度第二級地區等七層。各層各抽出3個鄉鎮市區,同一鄉鎮市區中再分別選取3個村里,以一年完成21個鄉鎮市區、21個村里,三年共計63個村里之式進行,並以分三季(11-2月、3-6月、7-10月)訪視來控制季節效應。每個村里中,再按七個年齡層(學齡前、小學、國中、高中、成人、中老年、老年人)與性別層,各抽出8位個案,共160位個案參與調查,三年總計抽樣人數為10,080人。最後的實際取樣人數為9,962人。家訪的回應率三年平均為86%,針對已接受家訪的個案進行健康檢查,其回應率為65%。此調查之實務由三組人員負責進行:1.先驅佈屬人員,2.專識調查員兩隧,3.協調中心之協調人員及體檢人員;調查隧伍在每一村里進行家庭訪視三個星期,第三和第四個星期日協同體檢人員在各地區進行身體檢查。主要調查內容含飲食營養及健康狀況兩個部分。 飲食營養部分包括: 一、二十四小時飲食回憶法(兒童僅回憶食物項目)、飲食頻率、營養補充劑、素食等問卷 二、營養生化指標測定(血紅素、攜鐵蛋白飽合度、血鐵蛋白、維生素A、E、B1、B2、B6、葉酸、尿中電解質等) 三、營養與健康知識、行為、與態度問卷 健康狀況部分包括: 一、生活型態(抽煙、喝酒、運動狀況)、疾病史問卷 二、體位測量(身高、體重、三頭肌和肩胛後肌皮脂非度、生物抗阻、腰圍、臀圍、上臂圍、腕圍)、血壓測量、心電圖測量 三、臨床血液生化檢查(血中總膽固醇、高密度及低密度脂蛋白膽固醇、三酸甘油酯、尿酸、血糖、SGOT、SGPT) 這是一個結合營養學家、醫生、流行病學家、統計學家的圍隧合作結晶,所獲得的具代表性的資料不但可以對臺灣地區居民的營養健康狀況作一詳盡的剖析,提供給國民和衛生行政單位作為參考,同時也可以用於研究健康/疾病與營養的關係,以發倔國內新的重要營養問題。

Keywords

調查 營養 飲食 健康 設計 權數 知識 態度 行為 臺灣

Parallel abstracts


The purpose of Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (1993-1996) was to monitor the nutritional status, health status, life-styles, and health and nutrition related knowledge/attitude/practice in the whole population and in various age, sex, geographical, and ethnic groups. A multi-staged, stratified, clustered probability sampling scheme was used. There were seven strata: Hakka area; mountainous area; east coast; Peng-Hu islands; metropolitan areas; provincial cities and class I townships; and c1ass II rural townships. Within each stratum, 3 townships or city districts were selected. And within each township or city district, 3 villages or city blocks were selected. The survey was carried out in 63 villages or city blocks in a season-balanced manner. Within each village or city block, 80 men and 80 women were sampled with designated numbers in each of the age (4-6, 7-12, 13-15, 16-18, 19-44, 45-64, 65+) and sex group. The target number was 10,080. The final sample size was 9,962. Response rate for household visit was 74%. For those who were interviewed, response rate for health examination was 65%. Operations of the survey were carried out by 3 groups of personnel (1) a scouting team, (2) two survey teams, and (3) a health examination team, quality control officers, and coordinator in the coordination center. Field work lasted for 3 weeks in each village. Health examination was scheduled on the 3rd and the 4th Sunday. The survey consisted of two parts. The diet and nutrition component included interviews on 24-hour recall, food frequency, nutrient supplements, vegetarian diet, and nutrition-related knowledge/attitude/practice (KAP), and measurements on nutritional biochemical indicators. The health component included questionnaires on lifestyles and disease symptoms and history and measurements on blood pressure, electrocardiogram, clinical chemistry, oral glucose tolerance test, and anthropometry.

Parallel keywords

survey nutrition diet health KAP design sampling weight Taiwan

Cited by


洪淑怡(2009)。依據各種膳食營養素攝取建議及國人食物選擇型態,設計多元化之飲食指南〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2009.02039
王瑞蓮(2005)。台灣地區成人與老人鐵營養與貧血狀況及其影響因子之研究〔博士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2005.02593
蔡瑞珍(2001)。某職廠員工營養知識,飲食行為及其影響因素與營養介入之成效評估〔碩士論文,臺北醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0007-1704200714264789
章慶堅(2003)。環境營養教育介入對某學院住宿生營養知識及行為的探討〔碩士論文,臺北醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0007-1704200714512942
林玉如(2007)。南投縣外偶、原民與一般學童生長發育及視力、牙齒健康狀態之比較研究〔碩士論文,亞洲大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0118-0807200916273096

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