透過您的圖書館登入
IP:3.239.9.151
  • Journals
  • OpenAccess

台灣地區成年人維生素A、B1、B2、C、E、及菸鹼酸的食物來源:1993~1996國民營養健康狀況變遷調查結果

Food Sources of Dietary Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Niacin: Results from a Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 1993~1996

Abstracts


本研究目的在探討我國成年人膳食維生素A、E、C、B1、B2及菸鹼酸的食物來源。資料取自民國82年7月至85年6月進行的「國民營養健康狀況變遷調查」,其中含3915筆19~64歲成人之24小時飲食回憶資料。結果顯示:維生素A的主要食物來源依序為:蔬菜類、水果類、五穀根莖類。維生素B1依序為:家畜類及其製品、五穀根莖類、含蛋、乳、黃豆製品的其他蛋白質類。維生素B2依序為:含蛋、乳、黃豆製品的其他蛋白質類、蔬菜類、家畜類及其製品。菸鹼酸依序為:五穀根莖類、家畜類及其製品、魚水產類。維生素C依序為:蔬菜類、水果類、點心零食類。維生素E依序為:油脂類、蔬菜類、含蛋、乳、黃豆製品的其他蛋白質類。此結果與1980~1981年台灣地區膳食營養狀況調查相比較發現:維生素A、維生素B1、維生素B2、菸鹼酸與維生素E的食物來源無較大變化;冰飲料在本次調查中所提供的添加維生素C值得注意。將此次調查所食用的各類食物營養密度帶入衛生署飲食指南建議的六大類食物攝取份來計算,則建議飲食所提供之維生素A與維生素C量將超過對成人的每日養素建議量;提供的維生素B1將超過對中度活動量者的建議量,但比重度活動量者的建議量為低;維生素B2與維生素E亦達到建議量。

Parallel abstracts


The purpose of this study was to understand how various food groups contribute to dietary intakes of vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, vitamin C, and vitamin E in the Taiwanese diet. Data on 24-hour recall were collected from 3,915sampled adults aged 19 to 64 years obtained from the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) during the period of 1993 to 1996. The results show that the main contributing food groups to vitamin A were vegetables, fruits, cereals, grains, tubers, roots, and other protein-rich foods (including eggs and their products, dairy products, and soybean and its products) in that order. The primary sources of vitamin B1 were meat, cereals, grains, tubers, roots, and other protein-rich foods. The main providers of vitamin B2 were other protein-rich foods, vegetables, and meat. The main contributors of niacin were cereals, grains, tubers, roots meat, and seafood. Sources of vitamin C were mainly vegetables, fruits, refreshments, and snacks. Fats and oils were the main food sources of vitamin E followed by vegetables, other protein-rich foods, cereals, grains, tubers, and roots. Comparing the results of this survey with the first National nutrition Survey in 1980~1981, web found that the main contributing food groups to vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin E have not changed much. Sweetened crushed ice and sugary drinks provided a notable dietary source of vitamin C in this study. If we use the nutrient density of each food group computed from the survey data to estimate the intake level of the diet recommended by the Taiwan Daily Dietary Guidelines, amounts of vitamin A and C are higher than the RDNA level for adults. Vitamin B1 exceeds the level of RDNA for light- and middle-exertion workers but not for heavy- and extreme-exertion workers. Amounts of vitamins B2 and E are adequate.

Parallel keywords

food sources of vitamins dietary guidelines RDNA Taiwan

Cited by


林筱菁(2007)。婦女懷孕前飲食營養攝取狀態與新生兒體型之相關性研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-2910200810562789

Read-around