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都市綠地空間自然生態、景觀審美與地方依附之研究

The Study of the Natural Ecology, Landscape Aesthetics, and Place Attachment of Urban Green Spaces

Abstracts


在都市化發展模式上,都市空間之分割及內容多趨於機能考量而忽略了人性情感上及自然生態上之需求。都市綠地空間的破碎化及幾何化漸與自然背道而馳,而專家與一般民眾對於都市綠地空間的設計,在整齊規則與自然生態間的審美認知是否一致,一般民眾對於都市綠地空間的自然生態審美認知為何,皆是本研究想要了解與分析的問題。因此,本研究從文獻回顧中,利用都市綠地空間景觀生態審美評價矩陣之方法,界定四種景觀生態審美的類型,然後利用Raymond等人(2010)具有信度與效度之地方依附構面與量表來檢測不同類型景觀生態審美都市綠地空間之地方依附與景觀審美及偏好之間的關係。另外,分析不同社經背景及個人特質在地方依附、景觀審美評價及偏好上具有何種的差異。研究結果發現不同類型綠地空間在景觀生態審美評價、偏好與地方依附無顯著差異,受訪者對於低生態中美學的公園之審美評價比學者認為高生態高美學的公園還要高,表示受測者與專家之間的認知仍是存在著差異,地方依附會正向影響景觀生態審美評價及偏好,個人社經背景及個人特質在景觀生態審美評價、偏好及地方依附具有部分顯著差異。研究結果希望可以提供公部門及景觀設計者在都市空間進行景觀規劃設計時如何在自然生態與景觀審美取得平衡之參考。

Parallel abstracts


In the development model of urbanization, the division and content of urban spaces tend to be functional considerations while neglecting the needs of human emotion and natural ecology. The fragmentation and geometrization of urban green spaces have grown gradually and counteractively to nature. This research sought to understand and analyze whether experts and the public had the same aesthetic cognition of the formal style and the natural ecology in the design of urban green spaces. First, from the literature review, this study defined the four types of landscape ecological aesthetics of urban green spaces using the landscape ecological aesthetic evaluation matrix. It then examined the relationships among place attachment, landscape aesthetics, and preferences for urban green spaces . In addition, this study analyzed how differences in social and economic backgrounds and personal characteristics affected place attachment, landscape aesthetic evaluation, and preference. The results of the study showed that there were no significant differences in the landscape ecological aesthetic evaluation, preference, and place attachment for the different types of green spaces. Respondents' aesthetic evaluation of parks with low ecology and middle aesthetics was higher than that of parks with high ecology and high aesthetics, indicating that there were still differences in cognition between respondents and experts. Place attachment positively affected the aesthetic evaluation and preference of landscape ecology. Individual socioeconomic backgrounds and personal characteristics showed some significant influences on landscape ecological aesthetic evaluation, preference, and place attachment. The results of this study could be used by the public works department and landscape designers when considering how to balance natural ecology and landscape aesthetics in the planning and design of urban spaces.

References


郭蕙瑜、鄭佳昆、沈立(2013)。運用景觀元素探討生長經驗對延續地方連結之影響。建築學報,86,145-167。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2012.01754 Kuo, H. Y., Cheng, C. K., & Shen, L. (2013). Explore the impact of growth experience on the continuity of place bonding through the use of landscape elements. Journal of Architecture, 86, 145-167.
陳寬裕、李仕琴、林士豐、林瓊芬(2012)。遊憩涉入、地方依附與社會情境之關係:以登山健行者為例。休閒觀光與運動健康學報,3(1),110-125。https://doi.org/10.29504/JLTSH.201209.0006 Chen, K. Y., Lee, S. C., Lin, S. F., & Lin, C. F. (2012). A study on the relationship among hikers’ activity involvement, place attachment, and social condition. Journal of Leisure, Tourism, Sport, & Health, 3(1), 110-125.
鄧宏如、葉珮如(2012)。休閒涉入與地方依附之研究-以新北市八里左岸自行車道為例。休閒保健期刊,7,9-18。https://doi.org/10.29686/LHW.201206.0002 Deng, H. R., & Ye, P. R. (2012). A study on leisure involvement and place dependence-taking Bali Zuoan bicycle road in New Taipei City as an example. Leisure & Holisic Wellness, 7, 9-18.
陳棟樑、陳俐文、張心怡(2020)。地方依附、休閒涉入、滿意度對負責任環境行為之研究-以宜蘭縣羅東運動公園為例。觀光與休閒管理期刊,8,1-15。https://doi.org/10.6510/JTLM.202008/SP_8.0001 Chen, T. L., Chen, L. W., & Chang, H. Y. (2020). A study of place attachment, leisure involvement, satisfaction and responsible environmental behavior: The case of Luodong Sports Park in Yilan County. Journal of Tourism and Leisure Management, 8, 1-15.
劉馥瑤、陳朝圳(2015)。遊客對國家自然公園之地方依附、政策傾向與環境認知。島嶼觀光研究,8(3),47-62。https://doi.org/10.29859/JITR.201003.0001 Liu, F. Y., & Chen, C. T. (2015). The place attachment, environmental cognition and policy bias of tourist on National Natural Park. Journal of Island Tourism Research, 8(3), 47-62.

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