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荀子的禮論思想及其價值

Xun Zi's Philosophy of Li and Its Value

Abstracts


孔子言「攝禮歸仁」,以「禮」為一生活秩序,而一切秩序之具體內容(儀文),可依「理」而予以改變;禮的基礎是歸於自覺的,它也是文化秩序;禮就是一個「序」字,其餘一切涵義都統攝在「序」之中,「禮也者,理之不可以易者也」、「禮者,天地之序也」,荀子一脈相承孔子之禮教,主張「學至乎禮而止矣,夫是之謂道德之極」、「學惡乎始?惡乎終?曰:其數則始乎誦經,終乎讀禮」、「禮者,法之大分,類之綱紀也」。荀子以「禮」,為「道德之極」、「人道之極」,其欲以「禮」作為人生行事之準則,從個人推而至於社會倫理政治亦莫不如此,他無疑是要將禮貫通「人道」,使之成為一涵攝道德秩序之形上道體;並由內到外作全面性關懷,於自然天地之客觀化與人為努力之形塑後,建構起禮治的社會。本文將從荀子的:一、禮的起源;二、「禮之三本」的意涵;三、禮的內容;四、禮的功用:定分以節養人欲;五、禮、法的關係;六、禮和樂教;以及荀子「禮」思想的價值等面向作一論述,並希冀從此一探究中能對荀子論「禮」的思想及其價值有扼要的理解。

Keywords

明分使群

Parallel abstracts


Confucius considered ”propriety/li” as an order of living, while the concrete content of all orders could change in accordance with ”principle/li.” The origin of the foundation of ”propriety/li” is self-awareness; ”propriety/li” is also the order of culture. All in all, ”propriety/li” is nothing but order, while all the other immanence is categorized under ”order.” ”Propriety/li is the unchangeable principle/li.” ”Propriety/li is the order of heaven and earth.” As an heir of Confucius's doctrine of ”propriety/li,” Xun Zi asserted that propriety/li is the ”ultimate morality” and the ”ultimate humanism,” upholding ”propriety/li” as the guideline of demeanor in lives from the personal to the social, ethical and political levels. Without a doubt, his aim was to integrate ”propriety/li” into humanism, make it a metaphysical doctrine of moral order and, finally, construct a society that's ruled by propriety/li. This paper is to address Xun Zi's doctrine of ”propriety/li” through: first, the origin of propriety/li; second, the immanence of the ”three fundamental aspects of propriety/li;” third, the content of propriety/li; fourth, the function of ”propriety/li;” fifth, the relationship between propriety/li and law; and sixth, the education of propriety/li and music/yue. Besides, the writer will also demonstrate the value of Xun Zi's thought about ”propriety/li” in wishes to have a concise understanding about Xun Zi's philosophy of ”propriety/li” and its value.

Parallel keywords

Propriety/Li Law Music/Yue Desire Restraint

References


陳福濱(2007)。荀子的教育思想及其價值。哲學與文化月刊。34(12)
王先謙(1967)。荀子集解。台北:藝文印書館。
王穎(2006)。荀子倫理思想研究。哈爾濱:黑龍江人民出版社。
牟宗三(1994)。名家與荀子。台北:學生書局。
李哲賢(1994)。荀子之核心思想-「禮義之統」及其時代意義。台北:文津出版社。

Cited by


洪巳軒(2011)。《荀子》知識理論之建構與分析〔博士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2011.00850
陳禮彰(2009)。荀子人性論及其實踐研究〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315170031

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