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家有「啃老子女」的中高齡工作與退休決策-從子女性別差異的角度進行分析

Determinants of Working and Retirement Decision Among Seniors in Taiwan-Do NEETs Matter?

Abstracts


近年來各國都出現了越來越多「啃老子女」,當家中出現這類子女,中高齡父母的退休或工作決策是否會受到影響?過去已有大量文獻整理影響個人退休決策的因素,但較少有針對「啃老子女」對父母退休決策影響之研究,也未有從子女的性別差異角度來分析其對父母退休決策影響之異同,因此本研究使用中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心「臺灣社會變遷基本調查」中2006年、2011年、2016年3波「家庭組」之調查結果來進行實證估計,以probit模型來檢視55歲以上中高齡人口的工作或退休狀態是否與「啃老子女」的出現與性別有所關聯。估計結果發現父母對於兒子和女兒的確存在不同的對待方式:「有未成年兒子」之樣本退休或不工作的可能性較低,有已婚的「啃老兒子」增加了樣本退休或不工作的可能性,而有已婚的「啃老女兒」與樣本退休或不工作的可能性則無關聯。每個家庭的價值觀都夾雜著傳統與現代思維,本研究的實證數據指出在我國現代社會中仍存在著的一些傳統思維。

Keywords

退休 啃老子女 性別差異

Parallel abstracts


Not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET) refers specifically to young people who have grown up and have the ability to earn a living, but are still financially unable to support themselves and need to rely on their parents. In order to continue to support a NEET at home, do parents change their retirement decision? Given the tradition of a "son preference" in Taiwan, does the sex of a NEET influence parental retirement decision differently? This paper utilizes data from the Taiwan Social Change Survey to empirically examine these questions. The estimation results show that parental working and retirement decision respond differently to the presence of an underage son and the presence of an underage daughter. The estimation results also indicate that parental working and retirement decision indeed respond to the presence of a NEET, but with different attitudes towards a NEET son and a NEET daughter. Therefore, NEETs matter, as does their gender.

Parallel keywords

Retirement NEETs Gender Differences

References


宋健、戚晶晶 Song, Jian and Jing-Jing Qi (2011),「“啃老”:事實還是偏見-基於中國 4 城市青年調查資料的實證分析」“ ‘NEET’: Truth or Prejudice: The Empirical Analysis Based on the Investigation Data of Youths in 4 Cities in China”,人口與發展 Population and Development,5,57-64。(in Chinese with English abstract)
李琴、彭浩然 Li, Chin and Hou-Zan Peng (2015),「誰更願意延遲退休?-中國城鎮中老年人延遲退休意願的影響因素分析」“Who May Be Likely Willing to Delay Retiring? An Analysis on the Wish to Delay Retiring of Middle-Aged and Senior People in Urban China”,公共管理學報 Journal of Public Management,12:2,119-128。(in Chinese)
何圓、王伊攀 Ho, Yuan and Yi-Pan Wang (2015),「隔代撫育與子女養老會提前父母的退休年齡嗎?-基於 CHARLS 資料的實證分析」“Will Intergenerational Rearing and Children Serving the Elderly Bring Forward the Retirement Age of Parents? An Empirical Analysis Based on CHARLS Data”,人口研究 Population Research,39:2,78-90。(in Chinese with English abstract)
林宜慧 Lin, Yi-Hui (2020),「影響退休年齡因素之探討」“What Affect Retirement Age?”,碩士論文 M. A. Thesis,國立暨南國際大學經濟學系 Department of Economics, National Chi Nan University。(in Chinese with English abstract)
周賢榮、蘇恩德、鄭文英、李勝榮 Chou, Shyan-Rong, En-Der Su, Wen-Ying Cheng, and Sheng-Jung Li (2010),「臺灣地區中高齡受雇人員退休行為之研究-多元邏輯斯迴歸分析應用」“A Multinomial Logit Regression Model Analysis of the Retirement Behaviors of Middle-Aged and Senior Taiwanese Employees”,人文暨社會科學期刊 Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences,6:2,47-60。(in Chinese with English abstract)

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