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"Finitude" as the Arena: Mou and Heidegger on Kant



Parallel abstracts

This paper aims at laying the foundation of a discourse between Mou and Heidegger's philosophy through their interpretations of Kant's concept of finitude. Mou tried wholeheartedly to internalize Kantian philosophy in the interest of establishing the new Chinese philosophy which takes the moral subject as the foundation of the system. The key to success lies in the interpretative works of arguing the transcendental character of man with the following premise: man is finite but can be infinite; Heidegger, as a phenomenologist, claims that the concept of finitude is the fundamental spirit and implicit premise of the whole Kantian philosophy. He upholds the priority of sensibility and concludes that human finitude has to be delimited by the situation in terms of time, by which he rejects the infinitude of human existence. By the juxtaposition of their interpretations, we can see how they interpret the concept of finitude, and how they try to internalize and go beyond Kantian philosophy.


牟宗三 2003a《心體與性體》,《牟宗三先生全集》,第五冊。臺北:聯經。(Mou, Zongsan, 2003a, Complete Works of Mou Zongsan, Vol. 5, Metaphysical Realities of Mind and Nature. Taipei: Linking.)
牟宗三 2003b《智的直覺與中國哲學》,《牟宗三先生全集》,第二十冊。臺北:聯經。 (Mou, Zong- san, 2003b, Complete Works of Mou Zongsan, Vol. 20, Intellectual Intuition and Chinese Philosophy. Taipei: Linking.)
牟宗三 2003c《現象與物自身》,《车宗三先生全集》,第二十一冊。臺北:聯經。 (Mou, Zongsan, 2003c, Complete Works of Mou Zongsan, Vol. 21, Appearance and Thing-in-Itself. Taipei: Linking.)
倪梁康 2002〈牟宗三與現象學〉,《哲學研究》10: 42-48。(Ni, Liangkang, 2002, “Mou Zong-san and Phenomenology," Philosophical Researches 10: 42-48.)
靳寶 2014〈车宗三論“存在與時間” ─兼評牟宗三對海德格爾形而上學之“誤置”的“誤置"〉,《甘肅理論學刊》5: 81-88 。 (Jin, Bo, 2014, “Mou Zongsan's Comments on 'Being and Time'-Comment on Mou Zongsan's Misplacement of Heidegger's Misplacement of Metaphysics," Gansu Theory Research 5: 81-88.)