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論“斤糖斤米”制

On "A Gin of Rich for a Gin of Sugar": The Taiwan Sugar Company's Contract with Her Farmers, 1950-1953

Abstracts


1950-1953年間,台灣糖業公司曾施行斤糖斤米制度,後因財務問題而取消。本文指出該制度與日本時代之米價比準法皆是為總合風險 (aggregate risk) 而設之保險制度,與一般為獨立風險而設置之保險實務不同。本文探討導致米價比準法與斤糖斤米個別成敗的因素。

Keywords

保險 投資組合

Parallel abstracts


Between 1950 and 1953, the Taiwan Sugar Company (TSC) adopted the method of ”a Gin of Rice for a Gin of Sugar” (GRGS) to get cane from farmers. GRGS brought financial crisis to TSC, and was then called off. This paper points out GRGS, and the indexed pricing method practiced by sugar mills in the Japanese colonial era, insured farmers against an aggregate risk, rather than idiosyncratic risks covered by normal insurance businesses. We study why the indexed pricing method survived notwithstanding; but GRGS failed.

Parallel keywords

insurance portfolio

References


吳聰敏 Wu, Tsong-Min(2001)。台灣農畜業之生產額:1902-1952 Taiwan's Agriculture Production: 1902-1952。經濟論文叢刊 Taiwan Economic Review。29(3)
(1946)。臺灣省五十一年來統計提要 Statistical summary of the past 51 years of Taiwan province。臺北:臺灣省行政長官公署統計室。
(1974)。國民所得。東京:東洋經濟新報社。
(1946)。台灣糖業概況。淡江大學圖書館台灣資料室。
(1971).Taiwan Statistical Data Book.R. O. C.:Executive Yuan.

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