How do regional states respond to Chinese hegemony? In addition to the typical realist view of power politics, the constructivist view of cultural identity holds that whether regional states accept and admire Chinese culture is the key factor. While Korea was strongly against the Ming Dynasty in early days, it became loyal to the Ming until the very end of the Ming Dynasty, Korea's Chinese cultural identity to the Ming was brewed in an atmosphere of long-term interaction between the two sides and then show up suddenly after Ming's protection of Korea against the Japanese aggression. Korea'ss allegiance to the Ming was exactly the resistance to the follow-up Qing. In the early Qing, Korea was forced to submit, but in the late Qing period, there were calls for continued allegiance to the Qing. Did Korea also develop a cultural identity with the Qing by late Qing period? If so, was the process the same as in the Ming? This article finds that, form mid to late Qing, Korea still adhered to the legitimate Chinese culture represented by Ming. This cultural identity established during the Ming showed an astonishing persistence, which existed for almost three centuries.