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Mokken Scale量表之應用:以長期變遷的語言學習和使用態度題組為例

Application of Mokken Scale: An Example of Attitudes toward Language Learning and Use with Longitudinal Data



Parallel abstracts

Cumulative scales have been widely used in questionnaires to measure respondents’ latent traits, such as personality or attitudes toward certain events. Different scaling models have been developed to reveal the disparity among respondents, in which Guttman-type scales are commonly used. However, their assumption of a unique combination of response patterns and lack of stochastic implications of the scalagram indices have limited their application to empirical studies. The Mokken scale, which can also be seen as a non-parametric item nonresponse model (NIRT), has been developed to relax the rigid assumptions of the Guttman scale while maintaining its requirements of uni-dimensionality, local independence, and monotonicity. In addition, the Mokken scale takes into account probabilities of responses to question items, which enable the examination of whether these items are measures of the same latent construct. This study describes the basic assumptions and characteristics of the Mokken scale, and demonstrates its application using empirical data. Question items which measure the latent attitudes about language learning and use from 2004-2014 Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS) are used as an example to examine the scalability of the items and the scale that consists of those items. Furthermore, logistic regression of the latent trait using Mokken scale scores on demographic characteristics and a variable associated with language used at home are performed. Our results indicate that the association between the examined variables and the latent trait varies depending on the survey year. Discussion on the conditions of the Mokken scale model and findings based on empirical data are provided.


王文中(2004)。Rasch 測量理論與其在教育和心理之應用。教育與心理研究。27(4),637-694。