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初探COVID-19疫苗接種義務及疫苗護照之治理疑慮

Governance Concerns of Mandatory Vaccination and Vaccine Passports for COVID-19: A Preliminary Study

Abstracts


隨著COVID-19疫情的發展,疫苗接種義務與疫苗護照治理,實為民主國家邁向新常態的重大挑戰,在國際間獲得重大關注。本文首先討論疫苗接種義務之可行性,指出所涉之基本權保障問題;其次,就疫苗護照之治理,探討其形式與效力的設計,並進一步針對平等、隱私與間接形成強制接種義務等疑慮,參考國際上之制度與評論進行分析。期待透過本文提出之評估框架與考量要點,擴充國內對於COVID-19疫苗接種義務與疫苗護照制度之想像與討論空間。

Parallel abstracts


The COVID-19 pandemic has posed significant challenges concerning the governance of mandatory vaccination and vaccine passports as democratic countries have moved towards a "new normal." This paper first discusses the feasibility of mandatory vaccination and elaborates on the related issues of fundamental rights protection. It then examines the design of the forms and effectiveness of vaccine passports and, with reference to international systems and commentaries, analyzes concerns about equity, privacy, and indirect compulsory vaccinations. This paper aims to present an evaluative framework and to broaden our imagination when it comes to discussions of mandatory COVID-19 vaccination and the vaccination passport system in Taiwan.

Parallel keywords

COVID-19 Vaccine Passport Mandatory Vaccination Privacy Equity

References


WHO (2020). “ Immunity Passports” in the Context of COVID-19. https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/immunity-passports-in-the-context-of-covid-19 (Retrieved: July 18, 2021).
Wilford, Sara Helen, Neil McBride, Laurence Brooks, Damian Okaibedi Eke, Simisola Akintoye, Adebowale Owoseni, Tonii Leach, Catherine Flick, Malcolm Fisk and Martin Stacey (2021). The Digital Network of Networks: Regulatory Risk and Policy Challenges of Vaccine Passports. European Journal of Risk Regulation 12(2): 393-403.
ZDF (2021). Debatte über Geimpfte - “Politik muss Freiheitsrechte zurückgeben”. https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/panorama/corona-geim-pfte-freiheitsrechte-spahn-100.html (Retrieved: July 18, 2021).
ZDF (2021). Impfpflicht in der Pflege: Spahn lehnt Söder-Vorstoß ab. https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/politik/corona-impfpflicht-lambrecht-lauterbach-laschet-100.html (Retrieved: July 18, 2021)
何建志(2018),《公費疫苗法制解析與重構:科學不確定性下自主與公衛之平衡》。臺北:元照出版公司。

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