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諮商心理師團體諮商倫理信念與行為之探究

Counseling Psychologists' Ethical Beliefs and Behaviors on Group Counseling

Abstracts


本研究旨在探討諮商心理師對團體諮商工作之倫理信念與倫理行為。先經立意取樣100位具諮商心理師身份之團體領導者進行第一階段資料蒐集,內容包括基本資料、團體諮商倫理信念與倫理行為,次就問卷初步分析結果,另行招募十位團體領導者,進行第二階段深度訪談。以SPSS12.0統計套裝軟體進行描述性統計、交叉表分析和T考驗,並針對分析結果進行質量資料整合、文獻比對與報告撰寫。研究結果發現教育程度、團體時數在部分倫理信念與行為表現上有顯著差異,整體而言,團體領導者在倫理信念與倫理行為上具有一致性。在時間界限和免受傷害類別題項共識度較低。在專業知能、知後同意、時間界限之部分題項上,知行衝突率較高。由深度訪談中發現,領導者在面對兩個以上權益衝突的情境時較易產生倫理困境;此外,領導者會基於成員個別化差異、團體氣氛、團體歷程階段、執行難易與實務現場之外在限制等考量因素,而決定其倫理行動。

Parallel abstracts


This study examined the ethical beliefs and behaviors of counseling psychologists on group counseling. A purposive sample of 100 Taiwanese counseling psychologists as group counselors responded to questionnaires eliciting demographics and information about the ethical beliefs and behaviors of group counselors. The information was then used to conduct a second stage in-depth interview with 10 recruited group counselors. Descriptive statistical analysis, cross table analysis and t-test were performed using SPSS 12.0 statistical package software. The obtained quantitative and qualitative data were integrated and compared with data in the literature. The results showed that the ethical beliefs and behaviors of counselors were generally consistent. However, ethical attitudes and behaviors were significantly influenced by education degree and group hours. Beliefs and behaviors also showed lower consistency in items pertaining to time boundary and non-maleficence. Ethical beliefs and behaviors showed conflict in items pertaining to professional competency, informed consent and time boundary. Specifically, qualitative data showed that group counselors were likely to experience dilemmas when two or more rights are in conflict with each other. When that happened, counselors based their ethical actions on the individual differences of group members, group atmosphere, group process, feasibility and limitations.

References


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Cited by


王智弘、劉淑慧、張勻銘、鄧志平、楊淳斐(2014)。心理諮商研究倫理守則建置之意見調查研究教育心理學報46(1),51-72。https://doi.org/10.6251/BEP.20131219
程雅妤、張素惠、莊謹鳳、王智弘(2022)。華人文化脈絡下高中職輔導教師多重角色衝突倫理判斷歷程之研究中華輔導與諮商學報(65),27-62。https://doi.org/10.53106/172851862022090065002
洪莉竹(2018)。台灣諮商輔導倫理研究之回顧與展望中華輔導與諮商學報(53),151-189。https://doi.org/10.3966/172851862018100053006

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