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佛教實在觀的當代詮釋:西谷啟治的觀點

Contemporary Interpretation of Buddhist Concept of Reality: From the Perspective of Nishitani Keiji

Abstracts


什麼是實在?為何是存在,而非虛無?真理是什麼?這些是重要的哲學問題。本文基於日本京都學派哲學家西谷啟治的空的哲學,從他對於華嚴與禪的當代詮釋觀點,對這些問題加以闡明。西谷啟治的哲學被認為是空之哲學,但是,西谷哲學並不只是一般所了解的淪落空虛的空之哲學,而也是他自己所說的「自體」立場的哲學。西谷所謂「自體」的立場,指的是一切事物應該存在的樣態以及原本存在的樣態,在西谷這種哲學立場之中,色的樣態和空的樣態,可以合而為一;西谷這種哲學和影響西谷甚大的當代哲學家海德格的思想,頗有可以會通之處。

Keywords

西谷啟治 京都學派 華嚴 實在

Parallel abstracts


What is Reality? Why is Being and not Nothingness? What is truth? These are important philosophical questions. From the perspective of Hua-yen and Zen, Nishitani Keiji exposits the answer of these questions. Nishitani Keiji's philosophy of nothingness is one kind of the philosophy of reality', that is a contemporary interpretation of Buddhist teaching and one way to conversation with Heidegger's thinking of Being.

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