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音調未定的現代性─巨贊法師的「新佛教」敍事

Unsettled Tone of Modernity :Ven. Juzan's Discourse of Neo-Buddhism

Abstracts


本文以中國佛教如何回應現代性為主要問題意識,探討巨贊法師的「新佛教」論述的宗旨、目標和具體內容,指出其主要內容有三:第一,配合全面抗戰,廣泛發動佛教界同仁參加實際工作;第二,整理僧伽制度,具體措施為生產化和學術化;第三,整理教理。並對其每一方面論述的特色、盲點等作了分析。本文進而探討巨贊法師展開新佛教論述時所秉持的立場,指出其中同時貫穿著民族本位和佛教本位的立場,並因為堅持兩者之間的圓融一致而緩和了可能的張力,其論述方法以「史的研究」為最大特色。本文通過梳理巨贊法師佛教觀和支那內學院一系尤其是呂澂思想之間的關係,發現巨贊法師的中國佛教本位立場一度有大幅度修正,修正的原因很可能是受到呂澂的影響,但最終還是回歸到中國佛教本位的立場。本文最後部分對巨贊法師與太虛法師思想之間的異同作了比較。

Keywords

巨贊 新佛教 現代性 呂澂

Parallel abstracts


Based on the problematique of Chinese Buddhist responses to modernity, this paper tries to explore Ven. Juzan's discourse of neo-Buddhism including its concern, aims and contents, figuring out that his neo-Buddhist discourse includes three interwoven themes: to mobilizeBuddhists to be engaged in Anti-Japanese War, to reorganize sangha system through ”being engaged in producting and learning” (生產化和學術化) and to classify Buddhist teachings. Juzan's insight and oversight in each theme is also analyzed briefly. The paper goes on with a further exploration to Juzan's standpoint and principles when he develops his neo-Buddhist discourse, pointing out that there is a combined stand of Buddhism-centrism and Chinese ethnocentrism under his discourse, though the possible inherent tension is softened by his insistence on coherence between each other. By tracing the relationship between Juzan and Chinese Institute for Buddhist Studies (支那內學院), and Lücheng particularly, this paper finds that Juzan's stand of Chinese Buddhism-centrism has once modified in large scale, which is mostly due to the influence of Lücheng's Buddhist views, though he finally reaffirmed this stand. The paper ends with a brief comparison between Juzan and his tutor Taixu.

Parallel keywords

Juzan Neo-Buddhism modernity Lücheng

References


釋寬道,《消閒日記》,《民國叢書》,上海:三昧寺印刷本,1936年12月。
(1976)。現代佛教學術叢刊。台北:華宇出版社。
釋巨贊,〈新佛教運動的回顧與前瞻〉,《獅子吼》創刊號1卷1期,1940年。
釋巨贊,〈新佛教運動之史的研究〉,《獅子吼》1卷2期,1941年。

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