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近代中國佛教經學研究:以內學院與武昌佛學院為例

Exegesis in Buddhist Studies of Modern China: Taking Examples of the Chinese Metaphysical Institute and the Wuchang Buddhist Academy

Abstracts


本文以晚清以來近代中國佛教經學研究為脈絡,透過思想史的方式闡明了近代中國佛教經學的流變及其不同類型的思想特徵,而以支那內學院與武昌佛學院為案例,較為詳細地比較與闡明了這兩系在佛教經學方面的研究特色與成就。論文共分三部分。第一部分以支那內學院為中心,批判地分析了楊文會、歐陽竟無、呂澂等三代學人的佛教經史學研究,闡明了其各自的成就與特點,並比較了內院與武昌佛學院在佛教經學研究上的異同。第二部分以太虛和印順為中心,探究並闡析了武院在佛教經史學方面的研究路向和特點,這裡分別論述了太虛與印順在佛教經學方面的各自成就及其思想發展,說明了兩代之間的在經學思想上的連續性及不同傾向性。第三部分主要對武院及內院為代表的不同類型的佛教經學研究,從思想史的角度作了評論,特別以分析歐陽竟無經學研究為例,指陳其經學研究背後的複雜矛盾與緊張性。

Parallel abstracts


In the context of the study on the Chinese Buddhist canon since the late Qing Dynasty, this thesis makes an intellectual historical study on the development of the study of Chinese Buddhist canon and the characteristics of different schools. It takes the Chinese Metaphysical Institute and the Wuchang Buddhist Academy as two examples, deeply compares and demonstrates their features and accomplishments in the study of Chinese Buddhist canon. This thesis contains three parts. The first part focuses on the Chinese Metaphysical Institute, critically analyses the study of Chinese Buddhist canon by Yang Wenhui, Ouyang Jingwu and Lv Cheng, illustrates their features and achievements, and compares the similarities and differences between the Chinese Metaphysical Institute and the Wuchang Buddhist Academy. The second part centers on Master Taixu and Master Yinshun, investigates the Wuchang Buddhist Academy's approach and characteristic in the study on the Chinese Buddhist canon. This part discusses Master Taixu and Master Yinshun's achievements and development in the study of Chinese Buddhist canon separately, to demonstrate the continuity and different tendencies between the the study on the Chinese Buddhist canon of two generations. The third part makes an intellectual historical comment on two different types of study on the Chinese Buddhist canon presented by the Chinese Metaphysical Institute and the Wuchang Buddhist Academy. It takes Ouyang Jingwu as an example, analyses and reveals the complicated contradiction and tension behind his study.

References


Faure, Bernard(1993).Chan Insights and Oversights: An Epistemological Critique of the Chan Tradition.Princeton:Princeton University Press.
Mahon, Michael(1992).Foucault's Nietzschean Genealogy: Truth, Power, and the Subject.New York:State University of New York Press.
Welch, Holmes(1968).The Buddhist Revival in China.Cambridge:Harvard University Press.
太虛、太虛大師全書編纂委員會編(1980)。太虛大師全書。台北:善導寺佛經流通處。
皮錫瑞(1989)。經學歷史。北京:中華書局。

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