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孰優、孰弱?臺灣學生學習成就軌跡之異質性分析

WHO'S SUPERIOR AND WHO’S INFERIOR? STUDY OF HETEROGENEITY OF STUDENTS' ACHIEVEMENT TRAJECTORIES IN TAIWAN

Abstracts


學習優弱勢族群的辨識是重要的學術課題,也是教育政策決策與支持體系規劃的主要依據,更需要實徵資料提供證據支持。本研究利用臺灣教育長期追蹤資料庫(Taiwan Education Panel Survey,TEPS)的貫時性資料,以潛在成長模式與混合成長模式估計學生學習成就軌跡,藉以辨識優弱勢異質族群,並探討相關影響因素。TEPS資料庫中2,806位學生的學習成就四波調查的潛在成長模式分析結果發現,臺灣中學階段學生的學習成就成長軌跡呈現非線性的遞增漸緩的成長曲線。混合成長模式分析則得到三個異質族群:正常成長族群呈現能力遞增的成長曲線,兩個相對弱勢的族群則呈現起點低落或成長有限的變動曲線。進一步分析發現,教育分流與區位因素是區辨異質族群的主要原因,而負向文化資本亦有顯著的預測力,由不同族群者的起點與成長型態呈現扇形擴展,顯示潛在分群下的異質群體軌跡差異呈現馬太效應(Matthew effects)。本研究除了對於異質族群的內涵意義與相關影響因素進行分析與解釋之外,並對本文的方法學意義與研究限制進行討論。

Parallel abstracts


Identifying superior and inferior groups of academic achievements is not only the major concern of academic researchers but also the foundation of policy-making and supplementary system design, all relying on the support of empirical evidences. In this study, data of 2,806 students selected from the Taiwan Education Panel Survey (TEPS) in four consecutive time periods are adapted to identify the latent clusters of superiority and inferiority in the students' achievement. The heterogeneity of the achievement trajectories is identified by the growth mixture modeling. The results show that the nonlinear model has the best fit for the observed data. An analysis of the mixture modeling indicates three heterogeneous classes on the trajectories, of which the typical-growth class has a gradually improved achievement curve. On the other hand, the two relatively inferior groups have a lower starting level or a decreased trend at the later waves of achievement measures. Furthermore, the inferior classes are identified by the differential schooling sectors and the location conditions with high level of negative culture capital. In contrast, the typical-growth class is improving relatively smoothly in the different learning stages in both the public and the normal schools. The fan-shaped pattern of trajectories supports the phenomenon of the Matthew effects. In addition to illustrating the heterogeneous trajectory and its influential factors, this study discusses the implications and limitations of several methodological issues.

References


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Cited by


楊文華(2011)。臺北市出租國宅及租金補貼政策之分析:政策工具選擇途徑〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2011.00660
劉逸雅(2009)。社區營造與社會資本關係之探討-以大稻埕歷史風貌特定專用區都市再生計畫案為例〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2009.00453
許籐繼、林子廉(2021)。基隆市國小學生學習責任、課堂紀律與學習成就及其關係之研究臺北市立大學學報.教育類52(2),55-78。https://doi.org/10.6336/JUTEE.202112_52(2).0003
林淑君、王麗斐(2022)。愛在流轉:某偏鄉國中傳承式生涯輔導方案之實施與成效教育心理學報54(2),385-410。https://doi.org/10.6251/BEP.202212_54(2).0006
簡瑋成、謝傳崇(2023)。偏遠地區國中小畢業生跨區升學、家長教育期望、參與學校教育及學校選擇因素之探究教育科學研究期刊68(3),61-93。https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202309_68(3).0003

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