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Prevalence and Biotypes of Campylobacter Species Isolated from Sheep in Sokoto State, Nigeria

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Rectal sw abs (feacal) samples were collected from 518 sheep across Sokoto state and processed for Campylobacter organisms. Of a total of 518 samples, 93(18.0%) yielded Campylobacter organisms. The Campylobacter species isolated in this study were Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter lari and Campylobacter upsaliensis. The most frequently isolated Campylobacter species was C. jejuni (79.6%), while C. upsaliensis had the lowest isolation rate of 2.2%. Biotyping of the isolates indicated that C. jejuni biotype I (44.6%) and C. coli biotype I (72.7%) were the most common biotypes while all the C. lari isolates were biotype II. The isolation of Campylobacter organisms and the identification of C. jejuni biotype I and C. coli biotype I from sheep in this study is a clear indication of the presence of Campylobacter in sheep in Sokoto state. Campylobacter organisms must be considered as potential agent of ovine enteritis and abortion as well as a serious public health problem.

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Biotypes Campylobacter Nigeria Prevalence Sheep Sokoto

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