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新興職業疾病通報及檢測方法之英法兩國跨國實務比較

International Comparison of Reporting and Surveillance of Novel Occupational Diseases

Abstracts


職業醫學之工作內容為整合性功能診治,協助判斷職業傷病的因果關係,並結合預防、補償、復工等,可協助勞工、雇主及政府。我國之職業傷病診斷及通報模式,雖經多年努力且近年就此部分亦有參考各國之法規現況,進行各國間制度之比較,然仍有未臻完善之處。本研究採結構化之訪談和觀察,以類德菲法進行下,實際參與並比較英法兩國職業傷病診斷、預防及防治之實務經驗。本研究提供英法兩國系統的敘述性資料及多面向比較,將可以其作為在我國之勞工健康發展上進一步之貢獻與參考,並以之作為促進職場健康、預防職業傷病、延續各相關政策及業務推行之長期所為。

Parallel abstracts


Introduction: The practice of occupational medicine is integrated functional care, determination of causal relationship for occupational injuries and diseases, and to integrate prevention, compensation and return to work, which helps labors, employers and government. However, although the diagnosis and reporting of occupational diseases and injuries have improved a lot during the past years with previous comparison and reference of systems in other countries, it is not yet consummate. Methods: We organized structural interview and observation with Delphi methods to directly involve and compare the experiences in UK and France. Results and conclusions: We provided the descriptive scheme of both systems, and demonstrated multi-aspect comparison of the two systems. We hoped these experiences to be the reference for promotion of occupational health in Taiwan.

References


Guo YL, Wu TN, Liou SH, Wang JD. Occupational medicine in Taiwan. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 1999; 72: 419-28.
Chu PC, Fuh HR, Luo JC, Du CL, Chuang HY, Guo HR, et al. The impact of occupational health service network and reporting system in Taiwan. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 2013; 19: 352-62.
Rushton L. The Global Burden of Occupational Disease. Current Environmental Health Reports 2017; 4: 340-48.
鄭雅文、鍾珮樺:我國職業傷病通報制度之現況與問題。台灣衛誌2010;29(6):561-74。
陳保中、潘致弘:職業災害通報及職業傷病鑑定制度研究。勞動部勞動及職業安全衛生研究所;2017。

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