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夏曼.藍波安《沒有信箱的男人》中達悟族「主體性」與日治時期族群接觸研究

Syaman Rapongan the "subjectivity" and Research on Ethnic Contacts during the Japanese Occupation Period

Abstracts


本研究之研究目的根據《沒有信箱的男人》重要創作,誠如〈旗正飄飄〉、〈颱風引進的災難〉、〈誰佔領了我們的島嶼〉、〈誰拆了我的家〉、〈二戰中的邊陲島嶼〉……等重要觀點,深入探析在夏曼‧藍波安筆下,達悟族人遇見日本殖民與外邦人,誠如日治初期,達悟族族人首次遇見日本鳥居龍藏所進行之交易事件;日治初期族人拯救「美國班傑明號船」之外邦人,卻衍生出外邦人竊盜「羊」事件、「衣物」被盜事件,分別就外邦人與達悟族人觀點比較分析;日治中期日本殖民指揮官Pawuben與達悟族人之族群關係,誠如「驅除惡靈儀式」、「灘頭事件」、「日本殖民勞役」;日治後期日本殖民指揮官Pawuben強拆家屋事件、日警駐在所矗立與族人重建家屋事件……等,由夏曼.藍波安以「書寫主體」之「我者」觀察,平衡原日與外邦人族群接觸跨時空對話之詮釋解讀觀點;以「書寫主體」重新詮釋這段被書寫的歷史,見證達悟族族人成為原住民作家文學筆下之成為「書寫主體」。此創作文本觀點將根據「沒有文字的民族」重新尋回「主體性之話語權」,冀望為達悟族海洋文化與族人「主體性」之「話語權」與「詮釋權」發聲,進而再現重要日治時期達悟族族人之重要族群接觸事件與發展歷程。

Parallel abstracts


This article is based on the important creation of "The Man Without a Mailbox", such as "The Flag Is Fluttering", "The Disaster Introduced by the Typhoon", "Who Occupied Our Island", "Who Tore Down My Home", "The World War II Frontier Islands"... and other important points of view, in-depth analysis In Syaman Rapongan's writings, the Tao people met the Japanese colonists and foreigners, just like the early days of the Japanese occupation, the Tao people met the Japanese Torii Ryuzo for the first time. Incident: In the early period of the Japanese occupation, the tribe rescued the foreigners from the "American Benjamin ship", but the incident of the foreigners stealing the "sheep" and the "clothes" were derived. The perspectives of the foreigners and the Tao people were compared and analyzed; Japan The ethnic relationship between the Japanese colonial commander Pawuben and the Tao people in the middle period of the Japanese occupation is just like the "exorcism ceremony", "beach incident", and "Japanese colonial labor"; The incident of standing upright and the family rebuilding the house... etc., observed by Syaman Rapongan with the "I" of the "writing subject", balancing the interpretation and interpretation point of view of the cross-time and space dialogue with the Gentiles in the past; using the "writing subject" Reinterpret this period of written history, and witness that the Tao tribe has become the "writing subject" in the literature of aboriginal writers. The viewpoint of this creative text will rediscover the "discourse power of subjectivity" based on "a nation without writing", hoping to give voice to the "discourse power" and "interpretation power" of Tao's marine culture and the tribe's "subjectivity", and then reproduce it Important ethnic contact events and development process of the Tao ethnic group during the Japanese occupation period.

References


王國安(2012)。論夏曼.藍波安與廖鴻基海洋書寫的差異。人文社會科學研究,6(4),26-45。
邱珮萱(2017)。凝視翻轉:夏曼‧藍波安重構島嶼符碼的生命書寫。人文社會科學研究,11(4),47-62。
浦忠成(2007)。被遺忘的聖域:原住民神話、歷史與文學的追溯。臺北。五南圖書。
夏曼•藍波安(2022)。沒有信箱的男人。臺北。聯合文學出版社。
夏曼•藍波安(2009)。蘭嶼達悟族的海洋知識。臺灣原住民研究論叢,5,125-154。

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