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梁啟超學校論之探析

A Discussion of Liang Qi-Chao's School Theory

Abstracts


本文的目的係從梁啟超〈學校總論〉、〈學校餘論〉等有關學校的論述,以及透過相關歷史文獻的分析中,爬梳其對學校教育的觀點。本文發現梁啟超在學校制度上大多取自於日本,其目的在於透過普設幼學以提升識字率、啟發民智。為了提供幼學的師資,其師範論主張設立師範學校,並提出女學論促成母教的功能。在課程與教學論上,因梁啟超具有豐富的教學經驗,對於教學方法、課程與教材提出不少值得學習的見解。特別是在幼學階段,梁啟超提出接受西文教導的構想。

Keywords

梁啟超 學校論 學校教育

Parallel abstracts


The purpose of this article is to sort out Liang Qi-Chao's views on the school education from Liang Qi-Chao's "General Discussion on Schools" and "Remaining Discussions on Schools", and through the analysis of relevant historical documents. This article found that most of Liang Qi-Chao's school system was taken from Japan, and his purpose was to improve the literacy rate and enlighten the people's intelligence through the establishment of universal elementary schools. In order to provide teachers for elementary school, teacher education is established, which means the establishment of normal schools, and the theory of women's schools promotes the function of mother education. In terms of curriculum and teaching theory, due to Liang Qi-Chao's rich teaching experience, he put forward many insights worth learning about teaching methods, curriculum and teaching materials. Especially in his elementary school stage, Liang Qi-Chao proposed the idea of receiving Western language education.

Parallel keywords

Liang Qi-Chao school theory school education

References


毛禮銳、邵鶴亭、瞿菊農(1989)。中國教育史。臺北市:五南。
林玉体(1999)。西洋教育史。臺北市:師大書苑。
周愚文(2021)。晚清教育制度西化的前奏:癸卯學制頒行前西式教育的借入。臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學出版中心。
金媛媛(2009)。梁啟超對日本的認知。大慶師範學院學報,29(4),117-120。
班瑋(2004)。梁啟超的日本觀。天津師範大學學報(社會科學版),174,35-41。

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