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近代洞庭湖區的湖田圍墾與水利糾紛-以沅江白水浹閘提案為例

Land Reclamation and Water Conservancy Disputes in the Dongting Lake Region in the Early Modern Period: A Case Study of the Sluice Gates of the Baishui River, Yuanjiang County

Abstracts


明清以來,湖南洞庭湖區的水利問題十分突出。本文通過對近代沅江白水浹兩岸因河道開決和釘塞問題所引起的水利糾紛的具體考察,探討洞庭湖區水利問題背後複雜的社會關係。研究表明,白水浹河道多次的開決與釘塞,並非是在有利於洞庭湖區水利的基礎上作出的決策,而是雙方權勢較量的結果。可見洞庭湖區水患的治理不僅是一個水利問題,更是一個社會問題。

Keywords

湖南 洞庭湖 湖田圍墾 水利糾紛 近代

Parallel abstracts


Water conservancy in the Dongting lake region became a serious problem from the Ming onwards. Through research into a long-term dispute over water conservancy on the Baishui river, Yuanjiang county, the author discusses the complex social relations surrounding water conservancy. Because of differences in their respective interests, long-term conflict broke out between different landowners on the Baishui river over the issue of whether to dam the river. The repeated damming and excavation of the river was the result of negotiations over these interests rather than objective analysis. Thus water conservancy in the Dongting Lake region was not merely a hydraulic issue but also a social issue.

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