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從城隍到戍卒-定湘王在新疆

From God-of-the-Wall to Garrison Soldier: The Dingxiang Wang Cult in Xinjiang

Abstracts


清末湘軍征服新疆不僅反映了一種政治和軍事的現象,也引起了該地區社會和文化的轉變。本文探索當時新疆湘人群體的宗教活動,聚焦於他們所崇拜的「定湘王」和「方神」。這兩位神靈的傳說反映湘軍兵卒從湖南長沙地區到新疆行軍的經驗和在新疆安居之後的歸屬感。因爲定湘王的根源相當模糊,筆者通過零散的口述和記載來重構祂的歷史。

Keywords

邊疆 宗教 移民

Parallel abstracts


The late- Qing reintegration of Xinjiang into the empire was not only a political and military event, but one that effected a transformation in the region's cultures and societies. This article investigates the religious life of Hunanese people in Xinjiang during that time, focusing on their worship of the deities Dingxiang Wang and Fangshen. These two deities' various legends reflect the experiences of Xiang Army soldiers on their march from Hunan and their development of a sense of belonging after settling in Xinjiang This article reconstructs the origins of Dingxiang Wang through scattered oral histories and written records.

Parallel keywords

Dingxiang Wang Fangshen Xinjiang Xiang Army

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