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Caring the Human lives in the Age of Global Pandemic, Covid-19 From Globalization to Localization: Coronavirus and the Excluded

在新冠全球流行病年代裡關懷全球與在地人類生命:新冠病毒與被摒棄者

Abstracts


This paper applies philosophical theories and reflections on global capitalism to a critical reading of the COVID-19 pandemic and global capitalism. It reveals that the key to escaping the prison of fantasy constructed by the symbolic order of capitalism under the attack of the COVID-19 lies in taking sides with the unwanted and infected outcasts. For Zizek, the way to solve the problems of global capitalism is to radically traverse the ideological fantasy by recognizing our unconscious subjection to totalitarian global capitalism. Yet, to make it happen, the subject needs to discover its own repressed negativity in order to identify with the excluded outcasts. Counting on unyielding death drive, the subject can maintain a critical distance from the invitation from the superegoic enjoyment. The critical distance of death drive is to understand and take a step back from the working of global capitalism. With the death drive, the subject will be able to identify with the disgusting outcasts. It totally embraces the undead outcasts. When the subject itself becomes an excluded undead outcast, the symbolic order exerts no influence on it. When taking the side with the repressed outcasts, the subject feels how violent and oppressive global capitalism is towards the remainder. By applying a Zizekian psychoanalytical approach, I will offer the reader a different perspective on approaching the COVID-19. In doing this, I will outline how the individual can break down the allure of the fantasy constructed by global capitalism's symbolic order and thus make space for a new master.

Keywords

COVID-19 outcast ethics of the real Zizek

Parallel abstracts


本文運用哲學理論反思全球資本主義與全球大流行的新冠病毒。本文認為,新冠之所以全球流行,死傷人數不斷創新高,正是因為全球資本主義所帶來的人流全球暢行無阻,而我們都一直活在全球資本主義所建構的全球化,貨出去,人進來,發大財的暢行美夢,導致許多領導人與國民一切往前/錢看,也使許多國家不願反思新冠發生的起源、原因與擴散,最終使全世界的人類社會不斷接力發燒、生病、死亡。因此在新冠疫情流行的時代,筆者認為要避免疫情擴大的方式首先在於擺脫資本主義建構出的幻想牢籠,同一時間要接受、關懷並正視、認同被新冠病毒感染的被摒棄者,而非以鴕鳥心態視而不見染疫者,或者更糟的是將被隔離的染疫者,視為與病毒同類棄之不顧,本文認為如此才能有效反思控制死傷與抑制疫情的擴大。對理論家紀傑克而言,主體唯有意識到自己壓抑的負面性進而認同被隔離的被摒棄者,方能了解到我們無意識的順從全球資本主義運作方式,進而激進的跨越自己安逸的意識形態幻想。當我們認同、關懷,甚至把自己也當成被摒棄的染疫者在思考時,我們才有可能達到真實界的倫理學,在以利益為依歸、賺錢比人命重要的全球資本主義思緒之外,找到新的有效防疫思考模式。

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