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  • Theses

經濟成長與開放程度之關係: 非洲的實證研究

ECONOMIC GROWTH AND OPENNESS IN AFRICA: WHAT IS THE EMPIRICAL RELATIONSHIP

Advisor : 張靜貞

Abstracts


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Parallel abstracts


This study examines the effects of outward-oriented trade policies on economic growth in Africa. The econometric methodology follows the cross-country studies by Barro (1991), Chen (2006) and Kandiero and Chitiga (2006) with empirical application to a panel data of 36 African countries observed over the period of 1980-2009. The pooled regressions are carried out using the fixed effects model. The results illustrate that both openness and share of agricultural labor are positively linked with economic growth significantly. Foreign aid, gross national savings, and investment on the other hand have negative relationships to both GDP growth and GDP. However, if combined with degree of openness, then gross national savings and investment indicate a positive relationship to GDP growth. Using South Africa as the benchmark, the regional results indicate that North Africa is the best performer in generating positive GDP growth from foreign direct investment and foreign aid, followed by the Middle Africa whilst East Africa and West Africa compete for the third and forth positions.

References


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Agarwal, P., (2001) “The Relation between Saving and Growth: Co-integration and Causality Evidence from Asia,” Applied Economics, 33, 499-513.
Alguacil, M.T., Cuadros, A., and V. Orts., (2002) Does saving really matter for growth? Mexico (1970-2000), CREDIT Research Paper No. 02/09.
Attanasio, O.P., L. Picci and A. Scurco., (2000) “Saving, Growth and Investment: A Macroeconomic Analysis Using a Panel of Countries.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 82 (2), 182‐211.
Ayanwale, A. B., (2007). FDI and economic Growth: Evidence from Nigeria. African Economic Research Consortium Paper 165. Nairobi.

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