透過您的圖書館登入
IP:3.239.9.151
  • Theses

以重力模型分析祕魯與APEC亞洲會員國之葡萄貿易

An Analysis of Trading Table Grapes among Peru and Asian Country Members of APEC using Gravity Model

Advisor : 雷立芬
For better promotion, authorized us if you are the author.

Abstracts


No data.

Keywords

葡萄 祕魯 APEC 貿易引力模型

Parallel abstracts


This study assesses the export of fresh grape from Peru to its ten major importers in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) in the Asian region during 2003-2012, using a gravity model. The situation of the fresh grape industry in Peru and the world is revised taking in account different variables relevant in the gravity equation; such as, GDP of Peru and APEC countries, distance between countries, tariffs, free trade agreements (FTAs) and plantations in the APEC countries. The econometric methodology used in this study controls for zero trades among countries; specifically for the cases of China, South-Korea and Taiwan and heteroskedasticity by using PPML estimator at a 6 level Harmonized System (HS) 6-digit data 080610 fresh grapes. Results suggest that increases of the GDP of Peru by 1% increases exports by 2.3%; on the other hand, tariffs imposed to Peru by 1% to reduce its exports by 10.9%.

Parallel keywords

Fresh table grape gravity model Peru APEC

References


Anderson, J. (1979). A theoretical foundation for the gravity equation. American Economic Review, 69(1), 106-116.
Anderson, J. E., and Van Wincoop, E. (2003). Gravity with gravitas: A solution to the border puzzle. American Economic Review, 93, 170-192.
APEC. (2014, 03 03). Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation. Retrieved from APEC: http://www.apec.org/
Bergstrand, J. (1989). The generalized gravity equation, monopolistic competition, and the factor-proportions theory in international trade. Review of Economics and Statistics, 71(1), 143-153.
Bergstrand, J. H. (1985). The gravity equation in international trade: some microeconomic foundations and empirical evidence. Review of Eciomics and Statistics, 67(3), 474-481.

Read-around