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高粱作為史瓦濟蘭糧食安全選項

Sorghum Production as a Means to Improve Food Security in Swaziland

Advisor : 雷立芬

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ABSTRACT This study discusses how food security can be improved in Swaziland seeing the change in weather patterns particularly the decline in rainfall and increase in temperatures as well as the differences in the geological elements of the country. It also lists some of the main capabilities for more efficient use of land which is considered marginal and a better management of climatic risks. A SWOT Analysis and Porters Diamond Model were used to determine the prospect of developing and investing in the Sorghum Industry. This is in a bid to diversify from the current stable crop; maize who’s yields have been on a perpetual decline due to the changing climatic conditions. The study found that in 2015 maize production fell by 31 percent from the previous year because of the poor rains. Swaziland’s prospective sorghum industry was found to be a key strategy in improving food security in the country especially in the dryer more marginal regions. It was also found to have the potential of not only improving food security but also contributing to the nation’s economy in terms of employment creation, contributing to the agricultural product manufacturing industry and complementing the animal husbandry sector. However, policy makers and farmers need to take appropriate decisions to adapt to the country’s changing climate. Adaptation to climate change and variability can be facilitated through effective planning and implementation of strategies at the political level. Globally, southern Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions to the impacts of climate change. Current climate variability and vulnerability to extreme events such as floods and droughts are high, and has detrimental effects on food security and development.

Parallel keywords

Sorghum Food security SWOT Analysis Diamond Model

References


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