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Abstracts


家庭為許多犯罪學理論解釋偏差行為與犯罪的關鍵因子,本研究主要目的在探討家庭、機會與偏差行為的關係,運用許春金和陳玉書於2003-2004年對1,487名青少年調查資料,以檢驗非正式社會控制理論(如: 家庭結構、鄰里關係、家庭功能)、自我控制理論(如:低自我控制)和機會(如:偏差友伴和遊樂生活型態)等對青少年偏差行為的解釋力;研究結果發現,家庭功能較家庭結構對於低自我控制的影響力更為顯著,父母的不當管教為低自我控制傾向形成的主要原因;與雙親同住、家庭收入、低自我控制、偏差友伴和休閒生活等對青少年偏差行為具顯著影響力,尤以偏差友伴和低自我控制最具影響力;青少年偏差行為的發生必須同時具備有犯罪性與犯罪機會,而低自我控制提高偏差機會(如:遊樂生活休閒和偏差友伴)進而導致偏差行。青少年偏差行為的預防仍以家庭為核心,並須輔以機會的監控。

Parallel abstracts


Family is the crucial factor to explain deviant behavior and crime for many criminological theories. The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationships among family, opportunity and delinquency. There were 1,487 adolescent survey data, collected by Chuen-Jim Sheu & Yu-Shu Chen in 2003-2004, used to examine the impact of Informal Social Control Theory (e g. the family structure, neighborhood relationship, and family function), The General Theory of Crime (e g. low self-control) and Opportunity Theory (e g. deviant peers and life style) on delinquency. Research findings have shown that the family function has more significant influence on low self-control than family structure. The poor parental supervise is the main cause of low self-control tendency. Living with parents, family income, low self-control, deviant peers and leisure life have significant influences on adolescent delinquency, especially deviant partner and low self-control. The occurrence of delinquency must be accompanied by criminality and criminal opportunities, and low self-control would promote the opportunities of deviant behavior, such as recreational life leisure and deviant companion, and then lead to deviation. The family is still the core to prevent juvenile delinquency and should be supplemented by the opportunity supervised.

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李嘉軒、林哲瑩(2022)。自我效能團體對經濟弱勢少年自我效能的影響之評估研究社會發展研究學刊(30),29-57。https://doi.org/10.6687/JSDS.202209_(30).0002
廖英伶(2001)。原住民與漢人少年非行相關因素之比較研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1904200711580762
李建明(2011)。大學生成癮物質使用行為及其影響因素模式之建構與檢證-以臺北地區為例〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315251844
羅玉珠(2011)。外在社會控制、內在價值信仰與兒童偏差行為相關性之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺北大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0023-0607201114012000
張佑任(2012)。校園霸凌之研究:以問題建構為核心之政策分析〔碩士論文,國立中正大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0033-2110201613511631

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