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依違於大我、小我之間:解讀臺灣民眾對兩岸經貿交流的心理糾結

Hesitating between Private Interests and Collective Interests: An Analysis of the Public's Dilemma on Cross-Strait Economic Exchanges

Abstracts


人類的政治生活中,經常面臨「群體利益」與「個人利益」難以兩全的情況,面對這樣的兩難,當事人將如何抉擇?這涉及政治生活的本質,我們也希望瞭解臺灣民眾的傾向。有鑑於此,本研究乃針對臺灣民眾對於兩岸經貿的糾結,透過2008年又一波經貿開放前後所進行的三次平行民調,觀察他們如何在兩難間取捨。我們的研究顯示,臺灣民眾對經貿開放的立場,既受其所認知的整體利害,也為其所認定的個人得失所左右。兩者若有所衝突,民眾一般無所適從。但因此而有所糾結的民眾,則往往更在意整體利害:民眾認知兩岸開放若對臺灣有害,即支持緊縮;反之,則傾向贊成開放。

Keywords

民意 兩岸關係 利益 認同 認知

Parallel abstracts


Collective interests and private interests are often at odds in political life. If faced with such a dilemma, what stance would Taiwanese take? By starting from the problem, we employ cross-Strait exchanges as the case, and examine the choices of the Taiwanese people. We conduct three cross-sectional surveys to observe the dynamics of their choices both with and without dilemmas. Our research findings suggest that these people care about both collective and private interests. If the two are directly at odds with each other, these people will, however, normally be caught in between and could take a clear position on the issue. However, if they can avoid making the difficult choice, they will generally tend to stand for the collective interests. That is, if they consider cross-Strait exchanges to be good for Taiwan, they will be for such exchanges; if not, they will definitely oppose them.

References


童振源(2000)。台灣與中國經貿關係:經濟與安全的交易。遠景季刊。1(2),31-81。
林琮盛、耿曙(2005)。從「安全」與「利益」的兩難中解套:再思兩岸關係中的市場力量。遠景基金會季刊。6(4),239-281。
童振源(2003)。兩岸經濟整合與臺灣的國家安全顧慮。遠景基金會季刊。4(3),41-58。
耿曙、劉嘉薇、陳陸輝(2009)。打破維持現狀的迷思:台灣民眾統獨抉擇中理念與務實的兩難。臺灣政治學刊。13(2),3-56。
吳乃德(2005)。麵包與愛情:初探臺灣民眾民族認同的變動。臺灣政治學刊。9(2),5-39。

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