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誰要議題所有權?立法委員立法提案與議題所有權的建立

Who Wants Issue Ownership? Legislators' Initiatives and Pursuit of Issue Ownership in Taiwan

Abstracts


本文試圖從議題所有權的角度分析立法提案在議題上的分布情形,探索何種因素影響立法委員的提案模式。為此,本研究提出「議題所有權指數」來測量立法委員的提案是否有建立議題所有權的可能性。結合立法委員和委員助理的深度訪談、國會助理的問卷調查以及第8屆立法委員(2012-2015)提案的分析,本研究發現有些立法委員會以提案來建立自己的品牌和專業形象,並專注在特定議題來提案,而不僅是回應選區需求;有些立法委員的提案則是較為分散於各個不同的議題,較無建立議題所有權的可能性。本研究更發現,立法委員的專業背景是影響立法委員提案模式的重要因素,而不分區立法委員和區域立法委員在提案上的差異也來自於立法委員的背景。不論由何種選舉制度選出,具有專業背景的立法委員,比起其他立法委員,其提案模式較有建立議題所有權的可能性。此外,資深程度越高的立法委員,其提案模式越不具有建立議題所有權的可能性。本研究的發現提供了一個分析立法提案的視角,也為個別政治人物建立議題所有權的過程和影響因素提供了初步的解答,更為提升立法專業性提供了一個思考的方向。

Parallel abstracts


This paper aims to analyze the distribution of legislative initiatives across issue areas through the lens of issue ownership and explore factors affecting the patterns of bill-introduction activities. Toward this end, this research proposes an index of issue ownership to evaluate individual legislators' potential to earn issue ownership. Through in-depth interviews, a survey of legislators' staffs and content analysis of legislative initiatives in the 8th Legislative Yuan (2012-2015), I find that some legislators are more likely to focus their bill-introduction efforts on particular issue areas, lending them with the potential to earn issue ownership, while others' initiatives are more widely spread across issue areas. This research further demonstrates that legislators with a particular professional background are more likely to pursue issue ownership than those without. Moreover, controlling for the backgrounds, the difference between legislators elected from different electoral rules is not significant, meaning that legislators' backgrounds, rather than the electoral rules, can better account for the patterns of bill introduction. Additionally, senior members are less likely to pursue issue ownership than junior ones. Important implications for legislative professionalization and representation can be drawn from these findings.

References


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