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運用SNA探討清代《史記》評點閱讀接受網絡

Using SNA to Explore the Reading Reception Network of Commentary on Shiji of Qing Dynasty

Abstracts


司馬遷《史記》是中國敘事文學傳統的典範,啟迪了後代文學創作,諸多文人皆受其霑溉。評點是中國特殊與文本並存的文學批評方法,透過閱讀時隨手的圈點、夾注尾評,標示文章內容和形式之菁華,展現個人見解。明代《史記評林》是《史記》評點的集成之作,匯評名家諸抄,次及文翰大成與評史,約收錄了近一百五十多位學者的研究成果。在《史記評林》出版之後,清代的《史記》評點亦有可觀。並且,在評點文字中,常有引用他書的狀況,如牛運震《史記評注》、程餘慶《史記集說》、吳汝綸《史記集評》等。我們可從書籍的引用,推知評家對於前人評點的閱讀脈絡,進而梳理其接受系統。然而,由於書籍間互相引用的狀況複雜,本文根據清代《史記》評本文獻整理基礎,透過文獻內部的交叉比對後,以數位人文社會關係網路分析(Social Network Analysis,SNA)方法,繪製視覺化關係圖,串聯清代《史記》評點交互引用的閱讀接受網絡。則完成此研究,除了能夠充實《史記》的評點發展史外,更能透過數位人文工具的使用,補充文本閱讀接受視覺化分析的實證成果。

Parallel abstracts


Shiji is a classic work of literature and history. The critics in Ming and Qing dynasties used commentaries to make literary criticism. The critics in Qing Dynasty often cite the commentaries of other critics in their works. If we connect these citations together, can we observe their reading acceptance system? This study involved social network analysis, connected the Qing Dynasty critics citing the information of others. Fourteen major works investigated in this study. Results of this study showed the centrality of the node reflects the academic coordinates of the critics. To conclude, this study may be of importance in explaining reading reflection situation of criticism history of Shiji of Qing Dynasty. In addition, it also showed the applicability of digital humanities research methods to classical literature research.

Parallel keywords

Shiji Commentary reception SNA Gephi

References


王拯:《歸方評點史記合筆》,望三益齊刻本,1875 年。
王又樸:《史記七篇讀法》,北京:商務印書館,2013 年。
牛運震:《空山堂史記評注》,北京:中華書局,2012 年。
方苞:《方望溪先生全集》,上海:上海古籍出版社,2010 年。
司馬遷:《史記》,北京:中華書局,1982 年。

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