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科技問題解決的教材設計-功能導向模式的應用

Developing Technological Problem Solving Activities Based on a Functional Model

Abstracts


本文主要在分析國內外「生活科技」教科書中,科技問題解決的教材現況,並透過當前科技問題解決教學理論與研究取向,統整提出功能導向的科技問題解決教材設計模式,以及教材設計的實例,供作參考。本文經分析結果發現,國內外教科書採用線性科技問題解決模式為主;並未有學習鷹架的設計;雖有腦力激盪的過程,但少有創思技術的教學;不重視再設計再製作的創新歷程;綜合討論以結果的發表與欣賞為主,較少聚焦在經驗建構歷程。本文分析當前相關研究後,提出功能導向的科技問題解決模式,以界定問題、研究分析、規劃實作、測試評價、再設計等功能循環為核心,以建構學習、鷹架理論、及創意學習3者為教學重點,提出一個「水陸兩用載具設計」的教學實例,供教科書編寫與教材設計的參考。

Parallel abstracts


This paper aimed to develop technological problem solving activities from a functional model. After discussing technological problem solving activities in junior high school technology textbooks, the main findings were: (1)A linear model of technological problem solving often served as the basis for those activities; (2)Less use of scaffolding was made to support student learning; (3)Less creative thinking skills were taught; (4)The importance of redesign was not emphasized; (5)The class discussion focused little on experiences and processes of technological problem solving. Based on textbook analysis and literature reviews, a functional model of technological problem solving was proposed. Then an exemplar of technological problem solving activities was designed accordingly.

References


南一書局國民中小學課程自然與生活科技領域第四階段教科書編撰委員會主編(2004)。國民中學自然與生活科技。臺南市:南一。
國立教育研究院籌備處(2005)。自然與生活科技。臺北縣:國立教育研究院籌備處。
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翰林(2004)。自然與生活科技。臺南市:翰林。
Technology education in South Africa since 1998: A shift from contents (conceptual knowledge) to proms-based learning programmes

Cited by


程臻寧(2009)。國小學童操作電腦樂高機器人問題解決學習歷程之個案研究〔碩士論文,淡江大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6846/TKU.2009.01242
張育禎(2007)。國中生之經驗學習歷程與科技問題解決能力之關係〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-2910200810560814
林育沖(2011)。樂高設計教學影響國小學生科技學習成效之實驗研究〔博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315252697

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