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探討不同類型父母陪伴時間對中學生兩類創造力之影響

The Relationship Between Different Types of Parenting Time and Creativity

Abstracts


本研究以Kalil等人(2012)的父母陪伴時間分類為基礎,調查父母對孩童的各項陪伴時間:「生活起居時間」、「課業時間」、「非課業時間」、「管教/教導時間」與「被規劃要求時間」,並檢驗各項父母平、假日的陪伴時間與孩童不同類型創造力(「開放式創造力」與「封閉式創造力」)之關聯。本研究蒐集了來自臺灣北、中、南、東、離島共計541位中學生參與者,結果顯示,父母的各項陪伴時間對孩童的「開放式創造力」影響較大,與「封閉式創造力」較無關聯。進一步分析,父母平、假日的陪伴時間類型影響也有所差異:在平日裡,母親的「生活起居時間」對孩童創造力最有幫助;而在假日裡,母親的「要求活動時間」有助於孩童創造力,反之,母親的「課業活動時間」與父親的「管教活動時間」則會對創造力造成妨礙。本研究結果應有助於釐清國內家長陪伴時間與孩童創造力的關係,並根據研究結果提出建議,以期成為後續研究之基礎。

Parallel abstracts


This study is based on Kalil et al. (2012) classification of parental companionship time, and investigates various parental companionship time for children: " basic care time", "teaching time", "non-teaching time", "discipline time" and "required planning time", and examines the relationship between parenting time on weekdays and holidays and children's different types of creativity (open-ended and closed-ended). This study collected a total of 541 middle school students from North, Central, South, East, and Islands in Taiwan. The results showed that the parent time predicts children's "open-ended creativity" more than "close-ended creativity". Further analysis showed that the influence of parent time is also different on weekdays and holidays: on weekdays, the mother's "basic care time" is most helpful to children's creativity; while on holidays, the mother's "required planning time " can positively predict children's creativity, on the contrary, the mother's "teaching time" and the father's "discipline time" negatively predict creativity. The results of this study should help clarify the relationship between parent time and creativity, and make recommendations based on the research results in order to become the basis for subsequent research.

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