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Diet and Blood Lipo Proteins



Parallel abstracts

The data from the Third National Nutrition Survey in Taiwan showed high prevalence of risk factors for atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular diseases in our population. It is observed that the young generation has developed a more western dietary pattern than the old generation. To comprehend the dietary risk factors in the development of atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular diseases will benefit the nutrition practitioners. This article reviews the main dietary factors such as carbohydrate, protein, fat, fiber, alcohol and caffeine related to blood lipid profiles including low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Dietary consumption of cholesterol, total fat, saturated fat and alcohol increase both LDL-C and HDL-C. Fiber intake decreases LDL-C level. Besides dietary recommendations for preventing atherosclerosis, maintain desirable body weight and regular exercise benefit the overall blood lipid profiles.

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