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亞洲政經與和平研究/Journal of Asian Political Economy and Peace Study

亞洲政經與和平交流協會,正常發行

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This paper discusses the threats posed by disinformation disseminated via social media. At the beginning, disinformation is introduced in the context of information war. Next, three features of social media facilitating the dissemination of disinformation are identified. They are: (1) the algorithms which convert popularity into legitimacy; (2) the echo chamber effect which perpetuates biased views; and (3) the distribution of "dark ads" to targeted users. As for the threats to democracy, in the short-term, disinformation aims to create a political environment favorable to the perpetrator. This can be accomplished by either meddling in election or creating chaos in the society. In the long-run, disinformation aims to generate cynicism among the citizenry to paralyze a democracy. After addressing the threats, three examples of disinformation operation targeting Taiwan are described. In conclusion, measures to counter disinformation are raised. This paper suggests that the government can preempt disinformation operations in the short-term, and reconcile social divisions in the long-run. More importantly, social media enterprises have the responsibility to stop dissemination of disinformation. In addition to delete fake accounts, they should take actions to revise algorithms and to refuse to distribute advertisements involving disinformation.

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中美關係和兩岸關係之間一直存在著相互影響與互動關係。從歷史的回顧上看,中美關係和兩岸關係的發展一直緊密相關,歷史上中國大陸與美國之間的關係變局,尤其是中美關係和美國對台政策的變化,對台海兩岸關係都產生了直接影響,而兩岸關係的發展和變化亦無法迴避美國因素的重要影響。而隨著國際情勢的發展變化和中美兩國實力的消長變化,近年來,美國對中國總體看法和認識上開始出現大轉向。尤其是川普執政以來,中美之間的矛盾性開始增加,中美關係正處在新的大變局中,美國的兩岸政策也正經歷調整期。本文回顧了中美關係變化對兩岸關係的影響,分析當前中美關係變局產生的原因,探討這一變局的發展變化將對兩岸關係尤其是臨近2020的台海局勢產生何種影響。