Title

「護理學生學業復原力量表」之發展與信效度檢定

Translated Titles

Development and Validation of the Academic Resilience Inventory for Nursing Students in Taiwan

DOI

10.6224/JN.000066

Authors

李承傑(Cheng-Chieh Li);魏琦芳(Chi-Fang Wei);董旭英(Yuk-Ying Tung)

Key Words

學業復原力 ; 護理學生 ; 驗證性因素分析 ; academic resilience ; nursing students ; confirmatory factor analysis

PublicationName

護理雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

64卷5期(2017 / 10 / 01)

Page #

30 - 40

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

背景:護理學生在學習過程中若持續承受過大課業壓力且無效因應,將影響學生學習成效與專業表現,為了使學生在學業壓力下成功調節與適應,學業復原力的探究格外重要。目的:發展護理學生學業復原力量表並檢定其信效度。方法:以中南部三所學校611位護理學生為研究對象,運用R語言隨機切割兩個次樣本,樣本一進行探索性因素分析以作為題目篩選依據;樣本二進行驗證性因素分析、複核效化分析,以及效標關聯效度分析。結果:學業復原力包含認知成熟、情緒調整,以及求助行為等三個構面,理論模型與觀察資料具有良好適配,也具有可接受的收斂效度與區辨效度,學習表現、學習態度、希望與樂觀以及憂鬱行為也具有良好的效標關聯效度。結論/實務應用:護理學生學業復原力量表有良好的信效度,適用於測量護理學生的學業復原力,可幫助護理學生檢視學習過程的課業壓力與因應。

English Abstract

Background: Failure to cope with learning pressures has been shown to influence the learning achievement and professional performance of nursing students. In order to enable nursing students to adapt successfully to their academic stress, it is essential to explore their academic resilience in the process of learning. Purpose: To develop the Academic Resilience Inventory for Nursing Students (ARINS) and to test its reliability and validity. Methods: A total of 611 nursing students in central and southern Taiwan were recruited as participants. We divided the sample into two subsamples randomly using R software. The first sample was used to conduct item analysis and exploratory factor analysis. The other sample was used to conduct confirmatory factor analysis, cross validation, and criterion-related validity. Results: There are 15 items in the ARINS, with cognitive maturity, emotional regulation, and help-seeking behavior used as the measurement indicators of academic resilience in nursing students. The assessed goodness-of-fit index indicates that the model fit the data well based upon the CFA and has good convergent validity and discriminant validity. Criterion-related validity was supported by the correlation among ARINS, learning performance and attitude, hope and optimistic, and depression. Conclusions/Implications for Practice: The ARINS has good reliability and validation and is a suitable measure of academic resilience in nursing students. It is helpful for nursing students to examine their academic stress and coping efficacy in the learning process.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學
Reference
  1. 王琡棻、盧台華(2014).國小資優生與一般生復原力保護因子之比較研究.中華輔導與諮商學報,40,1–26。[Wang, S. F., & Lu, T. H. (2014). A comparative study of gifted elementary school students’ and non-gifted students’ resilience protective factors. Chinese Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 40, 1–26.]
    連結:
  2. 何秀玉、李雅玲、胡文郁(2012).老人復原力之概念分析.護理雜誌,59(2),88–92。[Ho, H. Y., Lee, Y. L., & Hu, W. Y. (2012). Elder resilience: A concept analysis. The Journal of Nursing, 59(2), 88–92.] doi:10.6224/JN.59.2.87
    連結:
  3. 吳沛妤、譚子文、董旭英(2012).家庭暴力經驗、復原力與臺南市都會區國中生自我傷害行為之關聯性研究.青少年犯罪防治研究期刊,4(2),69–107。[Wu, P. Y., Tan, T. W., & Tung, Y. Y. (2012). The relationships among experiences of family violence, resilience and adolescent self-injurious. Journal of Research in Delinquency and Prevention, 4(2), 69–107.]
    連結:
  4. 林家興、陳玉芬、葉雅馨、徐佳玲、孫正大(2008).「董氏憂鬱量表(大專版)」編製研究.測驗學刊,55(3),509–533。[Lin, C. H., Chen, Y. F., Yeh, Y. H., Hsu, C. L., & Sun, C. T. (2008). The development and psychometric study of Tung’s depression inventory for college students. Psychological Testing, 55(3), 509–533.]
    連結:
  5. 林淑惠、黃韞臻(2012).「大學生學習投入量表」之發展.測驗學刊,59(3),373–396。[Lin, S. H., & Huang, Y. C. (2012). Development of learning engagement scale for college students. Psychological Testing, 59(3), 373–396.]
    連結:
  6. 范雅琪、陳美碧、林寬佳、白雅美、魏秀靜(2014).思覺失調症病患之主要照顧者復原力與健康狀態之探討.護理雜誌,61(6),29–38。[Fan, Y. C., Chen, M. B., Lin, K. C., Bai, Y. M., & Wei, S. J. (2014). The resilience and health status of primary caregivers of schizophrenia patients. The Journal of Nursing, 61(6), 29–38.] doi:10.6224/JN.61.6.29
    連結:
  7. 徐畢卿(2014).精神衛生護理研究的新視角—再訪兒童復原力.護理雜誌,61(1),11–17。[Shu, B. C. (2014). New perspective on psychiatric mental health nursing research: Revisiting the resilience of children. The Journal of Nursing, 61(1), 11–17.] doi:10.6224/JN.61.1.11
    連結:
  8. 許崇憲(2010).他們為什麼比較用功?檢驗學業動機與復原力的解釋力.中華心理學刊,52(2),155–171。[Hsu, C. S. (2010). Why did they make more efforts? Examining the explanation of academic motivation and resilience. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 52(2), 155–171.] doi:10.6129/CJP.2010.5202.03
    連結:
  9. 曾文志(2006).復原力保護因子效果概化之統合分析.諮商輔導學報:高師輔導所刊,14,1–35。[Tseng, W. C. (2006). A meta-analysis of effect generalizations of protective factors of resilience. Journal of Counseling & Guidance, 14, 1–35.] doi:10.6308/JCG.14.01
    連結:
  10. 程炳林(2001).動機、目標設定、行動控制、學習策略之關係:自我調整學習歷程模式之建構及驗證.師大學報:教育類,46(1),67–92。[Cherng, B. L. (2001). The relations among motivation, goal setting, action control, and learning strategies: The construct and verification of self-regulated learning process model. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University: Education, 46(1), 67-92.] doi:10.3966/2073753X2001044601004
    連結:
  11. 黃智玉、陳如容、鄭淦元、宋素卿(2014).探討慢性精神病人之復原力及其相關因素.護理暨健康照護研究,10(2),154–163。[Huang, C. Y., Chen, R. R., Cheng, K. Y., & Sung, S. C. (2014). Exploring resilience and its related factors in patients with chronic mental illness. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 10(2), 154–163.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.10.2.154
    連結:
  12. 溫雅蘭、溫千慧、王桂芸、陳金彌(2013).癌症病人的復原力及其護理處置.護理雜誌,60(2),93–96。[Wen, Y. L., Wen, C. H., Wang, K. Y., & Chen, C. M. (2013). Resilience in cancer patients and related nursing interventions. The Journal of Nursing, 60(2), 93–96.] doi:10.6224/JN.60.2.93
    連結:
  13. 詹雨臻、葉玉珠、彭月茵、葉碧玲(2009).「青少年復原力量表」之發展.測驗學刊,56(4),491–518。[Chan, Y. C., Yeh, Y. C., Peng, Y. Y., & Yeh, B. L. (2009). The development of the “Inventory of Adolescent Resilience”. Psychological Testing, 56(4), 491–518.]
    連結:
  14. 劉 萱、邱啟潤(2012).長照機構之老年住民復原力及其相關因素探討.護理暨健康照護研究,8(3),179–190。[Liu, X., & Chiou, C. J. (2012). The resilience of elderly residents in long-term care facilities and related factors. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 8(3), 179–190.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.08.3.179
    連結:
  15. 蔡佳妤、陳淑娟、張馨元、洪敏瑛(2014).照護一位肺癌腦轉移個案藉由家庭復原力模式協助其家庭因應之護理經驗.護理雜誌,61(6),104–109。[Tsai, C. Y., Chen, S. C., Jhang, S. Y., & Hong, M. Y. (2014). Nursing care for a lung cancer patient with brain metastasis using the family resiliency model. The Journal of Nursing, 61(6), 104–109.] doi:10.6224/JN.61.6.104
    連結:
  16. Dyrbye, L. N., Power, D. V., Massie, F. S., Eacker, A., Harper, W., Thomas, M. R., ... Shanafelt, T. D. (2010). Factors associated with resilience to and recovery from burnout: A prospective, multi-institutional study of US medical students. Medical Education, 44(10), 1016–1026. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03754.x
    連結:
  17. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50. doi:10.2307/3151312
    連結:
  18. Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.
    連結:
  19. Martin, A. J., & Marsh, H. W. (2006). Academic resilience and its psychological and educational correlates: A construct validity approach. Psychology in the Schools, 43(3), 267–281. doi:10.1002/pits.20149
    連結:
  20. Martin, A. J., & Marsh, H. W. (2008). Academic buoyancy: Towards an understanding of students' everyday academic resilience. Journal of School Psychology, 46(1), 53–83. doi:10.1016/j.jsp.2007.01.002
    連結:
  21. Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American Psychologist, 56(3), 227–238. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.56.3.227
    連結:
  22. Moon, W. H., Kwon, M. J., & Chung, K. S. (2015). Influence of academic resilience, self-efficacy and depression on college life adjustment in Korea's nursing college students. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8(19), 1–4. doi:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i19/77003
    連結:
  23. Taylor, H., & Reyes, H. (2012). Self-efficacy and resilience in baccalaureate nursing students. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 9(1), 1–13. doi:10.1515/1548-923X.2218
    連結:
  24. Thomas, L. J., & Revell, S. H. (2016). Resilience in nursing students: An integrative review. Nurse Education Today, 36, 457–462. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.10.016
    連結:
  25. Waxman, H. C., & Huang, S. L. (1996). Motivation and learning environment differences in inner-city middle school students. The Journal of Educational Research, 90(2), 93–102.
    連結:
  26. Wright, M. O., & Masten, A. S. (2006). Resilience processes in development: Fostering positive adaptation in the context of adversity. In S. Goldstein & R. B. Brooks (Eds.), Handbook of resilience in children (pp. 17–37). New York, NY: Spring.
    連結:
  27. 李承傑、魏琦芳(2014,11月).「大專生學業復原力量表」之發展與信效度分析.論文發表於臺灣心理學會主辦之第53屆年會.臺北市:國立臺灣大學。[Li, C. C., & Wei, C. F. (2014, November). Development and validity of academic resilience inventory for undergraduates in Taiwan. Paper presented at the Taiwanese Psychology Association 53th Annual Conference. Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: National Taiwan University.]
  28. Cheng, Y. H. (2013). The role of non-cognitive traits in higher education achievement among economically disadvantaged Taiwanese youths. Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy (In Chinese.), 25(4), 735–764.
  29. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  30. Hair, J. F., Jr., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R, E. (2009). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  31. Jöreskog, K. C., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8 user’s reference guide. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software.