Translated Titles

An Alternative Community of Crip Attachments: Crip/Queer Collectivities and Ablenationalism in Samuel R. Delany's Times Square Red, Times Square Blue




許甄倚(Jen-yi Hsu)

Key Words

山謬.德拉尼 ; 仕紳化 ; 性 ; 身心障礙 ; 酷兒 ; 時代廣場 ; 新自由主義 ; 健全國家主義 ; 生命政治 ; Samuel R. Delany ; gentrification ; sex ; disability ; queer ; Times Square ; neoliberalism ; ablenationalism ; biopolitics



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

49卷3期(2020 / 09 / 30)

Page #

27 - 57

Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

As a renowned science fiction writer, Samuel R. Delany, in his 1999 memoir Times Square Red, Times Square Blue, looks back nostalgically at the world that has vanished after New York City's gentrification. In the 1990s, Mayor Giuliani's neoliberal urban redevelopment wiped out Times Square's sex theaters and the area's ethnic, racial, sexual, class, and vocational diversity. Diversities were replaced by homogeneity, characterized by shops that catered to middle-class consumers and tourists. This paper employs disability and queer studies to analyze the memoir's "crip/queer" intersections. Svetlana Boym's "reflective nostalgia," Alison Kafer's "crip time," David Mitchell and Sharon Snyder's "ablenationalism" and "neoliberal biopolitics" are used as theoretical tools to highlight the dispossession of crip/queer sexual access under the regime of compulsory able-bodiedness and gentrified heteronormativity. This paper undertakes analyses of the ways in which neoliberal models of social integration allow some members of previously marginalized groups to be included under normative values and how this inclusionism sacrifices the majority of crip/queer citizens living in poverty. The paper also explores how normalcy relies on the logic of exclusion to legitimize its existence; this collusion with injustice is Sarah Schulman so-called "gentrified happiness."

Topic Category 人文學 > 中國文學
人文學 > 外國文學
  1. Comella, Lynn. “Re-inventing Times Square: Cultural Value and Images of ‘Citizen Disney.'” Critical Cultural Policy Studies: A Reader. Ed. Justin Lewis and Toby Miller. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003. 316-26.
  2. Crenshaw, Kimberle. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43.6 (1991): 1241-99.
  3. Hollibaugh, Amber, and Margot Weiss. “Queer Precarity and the Myth of Gay Affluence.” New Labor Forum 24 (2015): 18-27.
  4. Kafer, Alison, and Eunjung Kim. “Disability and the Edges of Intersectionality.” The Cambridge Companion to Literature and Disability. Ed. Clare Barker and Stuart Murray. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2018. 123-38.
  5. Sandahl, Carrie. “Queering the Crip or Cripping the Queer?: Intersections of Queer and Crip Identities in Solo Autobiographical Performance.” GLQ: Q Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 9.1-2 (2003): 25-56.
  6. 洪凌(Hung, Lucifer)主編。《想像不家庭:邁向一個批判的異托邦》Xiangxiang bujiating: Maixiang yige piapan de yituobang [Against Family-Marriage Continuum: A Collective Speculative Extrapolation into Familial and Recalcitrant Modes of World-Buildings]。台北:蓋亞出版社 [Taipei: Gaea],2019。
  7. 劉人鵬(Liu, Jen-peng)。〈沒有眼睛可以跳舞嗎?——污名、差異與健全主義〉“Meiyou yanjing keyi tiaowu ma? Wuming chayi yu jianquan zhuyi” [Can We Dance without Eyes?—Questions on Stigma, Difference, and Ableism]。《抱殘守缺:21世紀殘障研究讀本》Baocan Shouque: Ershiyi shiji canzhang yanjiu duben [Lingering Disabilities: A Reader for the 21st Century]。編:劉人鵬、宋玉雯、蔡孟哲、鄭聖勳 [Ed. Jen-peng Liu, Yu-wen Sung, Meng-che Tsai, and Sheng-shun Cheng]。新北市:蜃樓 [New Taipei: Shenlou],2014。9-35。
  8. Benjamin, Walter. “Theses on the Philosophy of History.” Illuminations. Ed. Hannah Arendt. Trans. Harry Zohn. New York: Schocken, 1968. 253-64.
  9. Boym, Svetlana. The Future of Nostalgia. New York: Basic, 2001.
  10. Bridge, Gary, and Sophie Watson, eds. The New Blackwell Companion to the City. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
  11. Califia, Pat. “A Secret Side of Lesbian Sexuality.” Sexual Revolution. Ed. Jeffrey Escoffier. New York: Thunder’s Mouth, 2003. 527-35.
  12. Chen, Mel Y. Animacies: Biopolitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect. Durham: Duke UP, 2012.
  13. Chisholm, Dianne. Queer Constellations: Subcultural Space in the Wake of the City. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2005.
  14. Clare, Eli. Exile and Pride: Disability, Queerness, and Liberation. Boston: South End, 1999.
  15. Crimp, Douglas. Melancholia and Moralism: Essays on AIDS and Queer Politics. Cambridge: MIT P, 2004.
  16. Davis, Lennard J. The End of Normal: Identity in a Biocultural Era. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2013.
  17. Davis, Lennard J. Enforcing Normalcy: Disability, Deafness, and the Body. London: Verso, 1995.
  18. Delany, Samuel R. Times Square Red, Times Square Blue. New York: NYU P, 1999.
  19. Duggan, Lisa. The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy. Boston: Beacon, 2003.
  20. Ferguson, Roderick A. One-Dimensional Queer. Cambridge: Polity, 2019.
  21. Fink, Marty. “Fuck/The Police: Queering Narratives of Police Brutality in Post 9-11 New York.” Homofiles: Theory, Sexuality, and Graduate Studies. Ed. Jes Battis. Plymouth: Lexington, 2011. 53-65.
  22. Freccero, Carla. Queer/Early/Modern. Durham: Duke UP, 2006.
  23. Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. New York: Columbian UP, 1997.
  24. Halberstam, Judith. In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives. New York: NYU P, 2005.
  25. Harper, Phillip Brian. Private Affairs: Critical Ventures in the Culture of Social Relations. New York: NYU P, 1999.
  26. Kafer, Alison. Feminist, Queer, Crip. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 2013.
  27. Love, Heather. Feeling Backward: Loss and the Politics of Queer History. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2007.
  28. McArdle, Andrea, and Tanya Erzen, eds. Zero Tolerance: Quality of Life and the New Police Brutality in New York City. New York: NYU P, 2001.
  29. McRuer, Robert. Crip Theory: Cultural Signs of Queerness and Disability. New York: New York UP, 2006.
  30. McRuer, Robert. Crip Times: Disability, Globalization, and Resistance. New York: NYU P, 2018.
  31. McRuer, Robert, and Anna Mollow, eds. Sex and Disability. Durham: Duke UP, 2012.
  32. Mitchell, David T., and Sharon L. Snyder. The Biopolitics of Disability: Neoliberalism, Ablenationalism, and Peripheral Embodiment. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2015.
  33. Mitchell, David T., and Sharon L. Snyder. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2000.
  34. Muñoz, José Esteban. Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York: New York UP, 2009.
  35. Puar, Jasbir K. The Right to Maim: Debility, Capacity, Disability. Durham: Duke UP, 2017.
  36. Puar, Jasbir K. Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham: Duke UP, 2007.
  37. Rich, Adrienne. “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 5.4 (1980): 631-60.
  38. Rubin, Gayle S. “Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality.” Deviations: A Gayle Rubin Reader. Durham: Duke UP, 2011. 137-81.
  39. Schulman, Sarah. The Gentrification of the Mind: Witness to a Lost Imagination. Berkeley: U of California P, 2012.
  40. Sullivan, Andrew. Virtually Normal: An Argument about Homosexuality. New York: Vintage, 1996.
  41. Warner, Michael. The Trouble with Normal: Sex, Politics, and the Ethics of Queer Life. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2000.
  42. Woiak, Joanne, and Hioni Karamanos. “Tools to Help You Think: Intersections between Disability Studies and the Writings of Samuel R. Delany.” Disability in Science Fiction: Representations of Technology as Cure. Ed. Kathryn Allan. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. 19-34.