Title

Pressure-Dependent Tissue Bleeding in Cutaneous Flap during Nitroprusside Infusion in the Dog

Translated Titles

以Nitroprusside行低血壓麻醉時狗皮瓣之出血量決定於血壓而非血流

Authors

劉德模(De-Meral Liu);葉富欽(Fuh-Cheng Yeh);陳幸一(Hsing I. Chen)

Key Words

baroreceptor denervation ; blood flow ; blood pressure ; cutaneous flap ; deliberate hypotension ; sodium nitroprusside ; tissue bleeding

PublicationName

The Chinese Journal of Physiology

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

32卷2期(1989 / 12 / 01)

Page #

93 - 101

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

Liu, D.M., F.C. Yeh and H.I. Chen: Pressure-dependent tissue bleeding in cutaneous flap during nitroprusside infusion in the dog. Chinese J. Physiol. 32(2):93-101, 1989. The present study was designed to determine whether arterial pressure or blood flow contributes to the reduction in tissue bleeding (TB) during sodium nitroprusside (SNP) induced hypotension. We performed the experiment in dogs with sinus denervation and vagotomy to minimize reflex intervention. The Group 1 of Series I experiment consisted of 6 dogs with the measurements of systemic arterial pressure (SAP) and femoral arterial flow (Q). The SAP was deliberately lowered from a control level of 145.3 mmHg to 100, 80 and 60 mmHg with iv SNP infusion of various doses. The SNP-induced hypotension was accompanied by decreases in Q and vascular resistance. In Group 2 (n = 6), the SAP was decreased from control to 100 and 60 mmHg by SNP infusion and TB was collected from an incised skin flap over the medial thigh. The total amount of TB over a period of 20min was decreased from 20.2 ± 0.5 ml at 100 mmHg to 13.4 ± 0.5 ml at 60 mmHg (P <0.001). This series of experiment demonstrated that a decrease in SAP from 100 mmHg to 60 mmHg reduced TB by 33.7%, while Q by only 17.4%. In the Series II experiment, we controlled the hindlimb 0 and perfusion pressure (Pa) by a roller pump. At an initial constant Q (14.4 ml/min) the Pa averaged 99.7 mmHg and the TB amounted to 18.2 ± 1.6 ml/20min SNP infusion decreased Pa to 58.6 mmHg and TB to 13.8 ± 0.8 ml/20min (P <0.01). The Q was then increased to 37.2 ml/min to elevate Pa (99.5mmHg) during SNP infusion. Surprisingly, TB at this condition averaged 18.9 ± 2.1 ml/20min, a value not different from the control (P >0.5). After the SNP infusion was stopped, Pa was elevated to 137.0 mmHg at the same Q (37.2ml/min). The amount of TB at this condition was greatly increased to 48.6 ± 2.9 ml/20min (P <0.001). The results indicate that SNP decreases SAP, hindlimb Q, vascular resistance and TB in dogs with baroreceptor denervation. The data obtained from the studies of the constant Q perfusion with and without SNP suggest that the major determinant of tissue bleeding is blood pressure instead of blood flow.

English Abstract

Liu, D.M., F.C. Yeh and H.I. Chen: Pressure-dependent tissue bleeding in cutaneous flap during nitroprusside infusion in the dog. Chinese J. Physiol. 32(2):93-101, 1989. The present study was designed to determine whether arterial pressure or blood flow contributes to the reduction in tissue bleeding (TB) during sodium nitroprusside (SNP) induced hypotension. We performed the experiment in dogs with sinus denervation and vagotomy to minimize reflex intervention. The Group 1 of Series I experiment consisted of 6 dogs with the measurements of systemic arterial pressure (SAP) and femoral arterial flow (Q). The SAP was deliberately lowered from a control level of 145.3 mmHg to 100, 80 and 60 mmHg with iv SNP infusion of various doses. The SNP-induced hypotension was accompanied by decreases in Q and vascular resistance. In Group 2 (n = 6), the SAP was decreased from control to 100 and 60 mmHg by SNP infusion and TB was collected from an incised skin flap over the medial thigh. The total amount of TB over a period of 20min was decreased from 20.2 ± 0.5 ml at 100 mmHg to 13.4 ± 0.5 ml at 60 mmHg (P <0.001). This series of experiment demonstrated that a decrease in SAP from 100 mmHg to 60 mmHg reduced TB by 33.7%, while Q by only 17.4%. In the Series II experiment, we controlled the hindlimb 0 and perfusion pressure (Pa) by a roller pump. At an initial constant Q (14.4 ml/min) the Pa averaged 99.7 mmHg and the TB amounted to 18.2 ± 1.6 ml/20min SNP infusion decreased Pa to 58.6 mmHg and TB to 13.8 ± 0.8 ml/20min (P <0.01). The Q was then increased to 37.2 ml/min to elevate Pa (99.5mmHg) during SNP infusion. Surprisingly, TB at this condition averaged 18.9 ± 2.1 ml/20min, a value not different from the control (P >0.5). After the SNP infusion was stopped, Pa was elevated to 137.0 mmHg at the same Q (37.2ml/min). The amount of TB at this condition was greatly increased to 48.6 ± 2.9 ml/20min (P <0.001). The results indicate that SNP decreases SAP, hindlimb Q, vascular resistance and TB in dogs with baroreceptor denervation. The data obtained from the studies of the constant Q perfusion with and without SNP suggest that the major determinant of tissue bleeding is blood pressure instead of blood flow.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 基礎醫學