Reversal MDR in Breast Carcinoma Cells by Transfection of Ribozyme Designed According the Secondary Structure of mdr1 mRNA


Peng Gao;Geng-Yin Zhou;Qing-Hui Zhang;Hong Li;Kun Mu;Yin-Ping Yuan;Jing Zhang;Bao-Heng Wang

Key Words

multidrug resistance ; reversal ; ribozyme


The Chinese Journal of Physiology

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

49卷2期(2006 / 04 / 01)

Page #

96 - 103

Content Language


English Abstract

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in cancer chemotherapy. The present study aims to investigate whether the ribozyme could reverse MDR in breast carcinoma cells. In this study, two GUC sites (GUC106 and GUC135) on the surface of mdr1 mRNA were selected according to the secondary structure of the 5'-region of mdr1 mRNA. The ribozyme gene RZ106 and RZ135 complementary to two sides bases of the target GUC were synthesized and cloned into the plasmid pEGFP-C1 which has EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorescence Protein) as report gene and Kan/Neo as selection gene. After transfection with the recombinant plasmid and selected by G418, the stable cell clones were produced and used for detection. The alteration of mdr1 mRNA and P-gp in the treated cells was detected by RT-PCR, flow cytometry and Rh123 retention. The reversal efficiency of the drug resistance for adriamycin was determined by MTT assay. The results showed that after transfection with RZ106 and RZ135, the amount of the mdr1 mRNA and P-gp decreased significantly and the efflux function of P-gp was inhibited accordingly. Nine-fold and 16-fold reduction of resistance for adriamycin was observed in the two groups of treated cells. These results suggested that both ribozymes can reverse the MDR phenotype by inhibiting the expression of mdr1 mRNA and P-gp, and the RZ135 showed the better cleavage efficiency. The ribozyme strategy designed according the secondary structure of the target RNA could be a useful therapy for reversal of MDR.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 基礎醫學
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