Title

不同注意條件下大數與小數的加工差異

Translated Titles

The Influence of Attention on the Effects of Number Magnitude in Number Comparison Task

Authors

劉超(Chao Liu);傅小蘭(Xiao-Lan Fu)

Key Words

注意 ; 數字加工 ; 數字距離效應 ; 數字符號效應 ; attention ; number processing ; number distance effect ; number notation effect

PublicationName

Acta Psychology Sinica

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

36卷3期(2004 / 05 / 01)

Page #

307 - 314

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

考察在注意(注視點)與非注意(非注視點)條件下數字加工的距離效應和符號效應。採用小數(1~4)和大數(6~9)的中文與阿拉伯數字爲材料,以判斷數字是否大於5爲任務。實驗結果表明:(1)在注意條件下,大小數都出現了距離效應;而在非注意條件下,只有小數出現距離效應;(2)在注意條件下,大小數都沒有出現符號效應;而在非注意條件下,只有小數出現符號效應,中文數字績效顯著好於阿拉伯數字。

English Abstract

A number comparison task was performed to examine the role of attention in number processing. Two main number comparison effects, number distance effect and number notation effects, were investigated in two attention conditions: attended (fixation) or unattended (3 left or right beside the fixation). Different number magnitude (large: 6~9 & small: 1~4) and number notations (Chinese & Arabic) were used. The task is to compare the numbers with 5. The number distance effect and number notation effect were investigated using ANOVA analysis. Both the error rates and RT data showed that, for number distance effect, both large numbers and small numbers had very clear distance effect in attended condition; however, only small numbers had distinct distance effect in unattended condition. For number notation effect, both small numbers and large numbers had no notation effect in attended condition; however, only small numbers showed a significant notation effect (the performance of Chinese numbers were significant better than Arabic numbers) in unattended condition.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 心理學