Title

台灣森林生態系經營社會經濟之準則與指標建構

Translated Titles

Construction of Social and Economical Criteria and Indicators of Forest Ecosystem Management in Taiwan

DOI

10.30064/QJCF.200506.0010

Authors

黃有傑(You-Jei Huang);羅紹麟(Shaw-Lin Lo)

Key Words

森林生態系經營 ; 準則與指標 ; PSR理論 ; 模糊德爾菲法 ; 腦力激盪法 ; 階層分析程序法 ; Forest ecosystem management ; Criteria and Indicators C&Is ; PSR theory ; Fuzzy Delphi method ; Brainstorming ; Analytic Hierarchy Process AHP

PublicationName

中華林學季刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

38卷2期(2005 / 06 / 01)

Page #

245 - 254

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究目的在建構台灣的森林生態系經營社會經濟的準則與指標(C&Is)。研究以PSR模式為基礎,配合台灣的情勢與國外林業單位所建構的C&Is,初步擬定經濟性準則四項,包含「生產與消費」、「林業投資」、「勞動」及「經濟政策」;社會性準則四項,包含「文化」、「科技」、「公眾參與」及「社會政策」。其後藉由模糊德爾菲法的專家問卷及「腦力激盪法」座談會的討論,篩選出經濟性準則4項、指標12項及社會性準則4項、指標18項;再藉由AHP法取得各準則指標間的相對權重,其中經濟性準則部份以「林業投資」(32.54%)之權重值最高,其次為「生產與消費」(31.80%),經濟指標中又以「非消費性使用的森林價值」(16.12%)為最重要,次為「林業勞動力」(13.3%)。社會性準則四者間差異不大,社會性指標中則以「人才的培訓與教育績效」(9.96%)最為重要,其次為「林業相關原住民傳統慣俗之保存及恢復」(9.55%)。

English Abstract

The purpose of this research was to develop the framework of social and economical criteria and indicators (C&Is) of forest ecosystem management in Taiwan. Preliminary results of both social and economical Criteria were developed 4 items by pressure-state-response (PSR) model, forest circumstances in Taiwan, and the C&Is constructed from overseas forestry organizations. The economical criteria were ”production and consumption”, ”investment in the forest sector”, ”labor”, and ”economic policy”, and the social criteria were ”culture”, ”science and education”, ”public participation”, and ”social policy”. The 4 economical criteria and 12 indicators, and 4 social criteria and 18 indicators have been selected by the specialist questionnaires of Fuzzy Delphi method and a Brainstorm discussing meeting. Further more, the relative weights were assessed by analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The weights of the first two economical criteria were ”investment in the forest sector” (32.54%), and ”production and consumption” (31.80%). The weights of the first two economical indicators were ”forest values of non-consumption” (16.12%) and ”forestry physical labor” (13.3%). The weights of social criteria were made no difference among these 4 criteria. The weights of the first two social indicators were ”performance evaluation of talent training and education” (9.96%) and ”preservation and restoration of aboriginal traditions cultural relate to the forestry” (9.55%).

Topic Category 生物農學 > 農業
生物農學 > 森林
生物農學 > 畜牧
生物農學 > 漁業
Times Cited
  1. 張瑋尹(2015)。森林遊樂區遊客對森林議題與環境態度認知之探討-以新化與惠蓀林場為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2015。1-179。 
  2. 林雨璇(2013)。應用紮根原理建立森林文化服務架構-以八仙山地區為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-132。 
  3. 林裕強(2007)。從生態旅遊觀點建構易觸型地景之永續指標及其評估-以野柳地質公園為例。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2007。1-180。
  4. 吳怡彥(2008)。都市生態旅遊系統之研究。朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所學位論文。2008。1-228。
  5. 張聖麟(2011)。臺灣工藝文化創意產業指標建構之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2011。1-285。