Title

Symptomatic efficacy of buckwheat products in Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS)

DOI

10.6133/apjcn.072016.07

Authors

Monica Dinu;Donatella Macchia;Giuditta Pagliai;Anna Maria Gori;Francesca Cesari;Rossella Marcucci;Francesco Sofi;Alessandro Casini

Key Words

NCGS ; buckwheat ; diet ; symptoms severity ; inflammatory profile

PublicationName

Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

26卷4期(2017 / 06 / 01)

Page #

630 - 636

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

Background and Objectives: Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is a gluten-free grain with acclaimed beneficial effects on human health. Our aim was to assess the effect of buckwheat products on intestinal/extra-intestinal symptoms and biochemical parameters in patients with Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS). Methods and Study Design: A randomized, crossover trial with two intervention phases was conducted on 19 NCGS patients over a 12 week-period. The participants were assigned to consume products made from buckwheat or to maintain their normal gluten-free diet for 6 weeks in a random order. Symptoms due to NCGS were evaluated using two questionnaires. Results: During the intervention period with buckwheat products, patients experienced a significant decrease in the severity of abdominal pain and bloating (p=0.03). In contrast, the control group showed a significant worsening trend for the majority of NCGS symptoms such as nausea, headache, joint/muscle pain, and attention disorders. The replacement diet with buckwheat products also resulted in a significant increase of serum magnesium (+4.7%) and a significant reduction in the circulating levels of some pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interferon gamma (-33.3%) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (-46.5%). Conclusion: The study supports the positive effects of buckwheat for NCGS patients, showing that this alternative cereal can contribute to the reduction of both negative gastro-intestinal and related symptoms, and nutritional deficiencies, and lead to an improvement in inflammatory profile.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學