Title

自旋电子学研究进展

Translated Titles

Development in Spintronics

Authors

颜冲(Chong Yan);于军(Jun Yu);包大新(Da-Xing Bao);陈文洪(Wen-Hong Chen);朱大中(Da-Zhong Zhu)

Key Words

自旋电子学 ; 巨磁电阻 ; 稀磁半导体 ; 自旋相关输运 ; spintronics ; giant magnetoresistance ; diluted magnetic semiconductor ; spin-dependent transport

PublicationName

固體電子學研究與進展

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

25卷1期(2005 / 02 / 25)

Page #

1 - 6

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

自旋电子学是上世纪90年代以来飞速发展起来的新兴学科。与传统的半导体电子器件相比,自旋电子器件具有非挥发性、低功耗和高集成度等优点。电子学、光学和磁学的融合发展更有望产生出自旋场效应晶体管、自旋发光二极管、自旋共振隧道器件、THz频率光学开关、调制器、编码器、解码器及用于量子计算、量子通信等装置的新型器件,从而触发一场信息技术革命。文中介绍了自旋电子学的若干最新研究进展。

English Abstract

Spintronics is a new discipline which developed speedily in the 1990s.The advantages of the spintronic devices would be nonvolatility, increased data processing speed, decreased electric power consumption, and increased integration densities compared with conventional semiconductor electronic devices. It is envisioned that the merging of electronics, photonics, and magnetics will ultimately lead to new spin-based multifunctional devices such as spin-FET(field effect transistor), spin-LED (light-emitting diode), spin RTD (resonant tunneling device), optical switches operating at terahertz frequency, modulators, encoders, decoders, and quantum bits for quantum computation and communication and give rise to a revolution for information technology. The recent development of spintronics is introduced.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 物理
工程學 > 電機工程