Title

Development and Management Status of Voluntary Observing Ships in China

Translated Titles

中国海洋志愿观测船现运行状态及发展

Authors

刘家沂(Jia-Yi Liu)

Key Words

志愿船 ; 海洋观测 ; 船舶监测 ; voluntary observing ship VOS ; marine observations ; ship monitoring

PublicationName

Marine Science Bulletin

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

11卷1期(2009 / 05 / 31)

Page #

90 - 96

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

志愿船观测是中国必须履行的国际义务。目前,中国海洋志愿观测船只呈逐年减少趋势,从过去的百余艘船只降至三、四十艘,并且从观测能力上也存在较多问题,比如观测手段比较落后、观测要素单一、观测资料缺乏。从根本上讲,志愿船运行机制缺乏有效的制度化保障,因此难以形成业务化能力,并且不能有效的履行国际义务。本文将对志愿船现运行状态及发展进行论述。

English Abstract

Voluntary observing ship (VOS) observations are international obligations that must be fulfilled by China. Currently, the number of Chinese VOSs is showing a decreasing trend, which has decreased from more than one hundred ships in the past to the current number of thirty something ships. Moreover, the observation capabilities have many existing problems, such as relatively outdated observation measures, simple observation parameters, and lack of observation data. Fundamentally speaking, the operation mechanism of VOSs lacks effective systematic assurance and protection. Consequently, these VOSs are unable to have sufficient operational capabilities and cannot effectively fulfill their international obligations.

Topic Category 基礎與應用科學 > 海洋科學