Title

光合作用光抑制的研究進展

Translated Titles

Progress in Studies on Photoinhibition

Authors

王強(Qiang Wang);溫曉剛(Xiao-Gang Wen);張其德(Qi-De Zhang)

Key Words

光抑制 ; 活性氧 ; 熱耗散 ; 葉黃素循環 ; 環式電子傳遞 ; 抗氧化系統 ; Photoinhibition ; Active oxygen ; Thermal dissipation ; Xanthophyll cycle ; Cyclic electron flow ; Antioxidative system

PublicationName

植物學通報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

20卷5期(2003 / 10 / 01)

Page #

539 - 548

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

概述了植物光合作用光抑制的研究進展,包括造成光抑制和光氧化的活性氧的產生和作用機理,光抑制的作用部位,以及光保護機制等,著重從三個方面討論了植物抗光抑制的保護機理:與光系統Ⅱ天線以及葉黃素循環相關的熱耗散途徑,包括光呼吸、H2O-H2O循環和環式電子傳遞在內的電子傳遞途徑,以及活性氧清除機制等。

English Abstract

Recent progress in studies on photoinhibition of plant photosynthesis was summarized in this review, including the generation and role of the reactive oxygen species which might lead to photoinhibition and photooxidation, the targets of photoinhibition, and the mechanisms of photoprotection. Three proposed mechanisms for protection of plant from photoinhibition were discussed: thermal dissipation which relates to the photosystem Ⅱ antenna and xanthophyll cycle; electron transport pathway including photorespiration, H2O-H2O cycle and cyclic electron flow; and the scavenging system for reactive oxygen species.

Topic Category 生物農學 > 植物學
生物農學 > 農業