Title

试论元代书院的特征

Translated Titles

Discussion on the Characteristics of the Learning Academy of Yuan Dynasty

Authors

李良品(Liang-Pin Li)

Key Words

元代 ; 书院 ; 特征 ; 官学化 ; 理学 ; Yuan dynasty ; learning academy ; characteristic ; officialization ; Confucian philosophy

PublicationName

黑龍江民族叢刊

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2005卷1期(2005 / 02 / 15)

Page #

45 - 49

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

书院是我国封建社会一种特有的教育组织形式。元代书院在元朝中央政府的大力支持和保护下,得到了迅速的发展。在书院的发展过程中,元朝统治者为了加强对书院的控制,采取了一系列有效措施:由各级官府为书院委任山长、任命和提升书院大小官员、官方控制书院经费的使用,最终使书院官学化,并在教学中以传播程朱理学为宗旨。此外,元代书院在发展过程中,理学逐渐北移、民间创办书院以及蒙古族官吏建立书院等,这些都是元代书院有别于宋、明两代书院的特征。

English Abstract

The learning academy is a special educational organizational form in Chinese feudal society, which developed quickly on the support and protection of the central government. During its development process, the emperor of Yuan dynasty took a series of measures to control it: appointing the governor by feudal officials of various levels, appointing and promoting the officials of academy and controlling the use of expenses of it, which eventually make the learning academy officialization. Spreading the Confucian philosophy was the aim of teaching. In addition, in the development process of the learning academy of Yuan dynasty, the extension of Confucian philosophy to the north, the establishment of folk academies and the establishment of the academies by the officials of Mongolia nationality are the characteristics of it, which distinguished from the academies in Song and Ming dynasty.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人類學及族群研究
社會科學 > 社會學