Title

足底血管和神经的应用解剖学研究

Translated Titles

Applied Anatomical Study of Blood Vessels and Nerves of Plantar

Authors

吕伯实(Bai-Shi Lu);刘振兴(Zhen-Xing Liu)

Key Words

足底动脉 ; 足底神经 ; 足底动脉弓 ; 足底神经弓 ; 应用解剖 ; Plantar artery ; plantar nerve ; plantar arterial arch ; plantar nervous arch ; microsurgical anatomy

PublicationName

泰山醫學院學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

25卷5期(2004 / 10 / 25)

Page #

382 - 384

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

本文选用成人尸体下肢60侧(男30女30),对足底血管和神经进行了观察和研究。结果表明足底内侧动脉起始部外径是:男1.68±0.22mm;女1.32±0.19mm;足底外侧动脉起始部外径是:男2.00±0.27mm;女1.73±0.27mm,两性间有显著性差异。足底内侧神经起始部横径是:男2.95±0.65mm;女2.90±0.62mm。足底外侧神经起始部外径是:男2.68±0.82mm;女2.31±0.53mm,两性间无差异。同时确定了足底内、外侧动脉,足底内、外侧神经,足底动脉弓、神经弓的体表投影,从而为临床医生确定神经血管的位置和局部手术时足底神经的麻醉提供形态学资料。另外,对足底内、外侧血管、足底内、外侧神经和足底动脉弓、神经弓的分支进行了显微外科解剖并进行了分析研究,为断指再植显微外科手术提供了解剖学资料。

English Abstract

Plantar blood vessels and nerves were observed and studied of sixty sides of lower extremities of adult cadavers (30 males and 30 females). The result showed that the origin outer diameter of medial plantar artery was 1.68±0.22mm in male and 1.32±0.19mm in female. The origin outer diameter of lateral plantar artery was 2.00±0.27mm in male and 1.73±0.27mm in female. A notable difference was seen between sexes. The origin transverse diameter of medial plantar nerves was 2.95±0.65mm in male and 2.90±0.62mm in female. The origin transverse diameter of lateral plantar nerves was 2.68±0.82mm in male and 2.31±0.53mm in female. No difference was seen between sexes. The projection of medial, lateral artery, nerves and the plantar artery arch, nervous arch were determined. It provides morphological information for clinical doctors to determine the neurovascular position and to anaesthetic the nerves of plantar for local operation. In addition, the microsurgical anatomy analysis was carried out on the branches of medical, lateral plantar arteries, nerves and plantar artery arch, and nervous arch. It also provides anatomical morphological information for microreplantation.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥衛生綜合
醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 藥理醫學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學