Title

五四文學革命的反思

Translated Titles

A Re-thinking of the May Fourth Literature Revolution

Authors

楊春時(Chun-Shi Yang)

Key Words

五四文學革命 ; 進化論 ; 人道主義 ; 平民文學 ; 現實主義 ; 世界文學 ; the May Forth literature revolution ; evolutionism ; humanitarianism ; pauper literature ; realism ; world literature

PublicationName

吉首大學學報(社會科學版)

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

26卷3期(2005 / 07 / 15)

Page #

49 - 58

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

五四文學革命的科學主義傾向,造就了再現論、認識說的文學觀,同時也造成了文學審美本質的失落。進化論的文學觀強調了文學的歷時性但抹煞了文學的共時性,尤其是激進的革命進化論,為五四文學革命的被否定設下了伏筆。人道主義肯定文學的人性本質,但它對五四引進的資本主義文明的開火,摧毀了自己的基礎,從而導致自身被革命文學取代。宣導平民文學應予肯定,但對貴族文學與士大夫文學的極度排斥,卻導致了文學的極端平民化。現實主義宣導者無法接受歐洲現實主義的客觀主義,則使現實主義與古典主義界限模糊,最後滑向新古典主義。五四文學革命不是從文學性質的角度批判“文以載道”,導致自身陷於反對文以載道和要以文載革命之道的矛盾之中。世界文學意識打破了中國傳統文學的封閉意識和自我中心主義,使中國文學思想與世界文學思想相溝通、融匯。但這種世界化是以激進的反傳統立場推行的,引起了民族本位主義的反撥,客觀上為否定五四文學革命鋪平了道路。

English Abstract

The scientific trend of the May Fourth literature revolution created the literature view of reappearance and recognition, but it also caused the loss of literature aesthetic appreciation. The evolutionary literature view, especially the drastic revolutionary evolution, stressed the literature diachronic yet neglected its synchrony, thus paved the way for the denial of the May Forth literature revolution. Humanitarianism affirmed the human nature of literature, but it fought against capitalism introduced by the may Forth movement, destroyed its existing foundation and was replaced by revolutionary literature. The advocating of pauper literature should be affirmed the extreme exclusion to noble and literati literature caused a phenomenon of extreme pauper literature. The advocators of realism, not accepting the objectism of European realism and ignoring the difference between realism and classicalism, finally glided to new classicalism. The May Fourth literature revolution did not criticize the tradition that literature was to spread moral from the nature of literature, thus caused itself into the embarrassment of opposing that literature was to spread moral and supporting that literature was to spread revolutionary doctrine. The world literature consciousness broke the closed consciousness and self- importance of traditional Chinese literature and caused Chinese literature to communicate with the world. However, this process was conducted from a drastic anti-tradition point and was challenged by national departmental selfishness, and paved the way for the denial of the May Fourth literature revolution.

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
社會科學 > 社會科學綜合