Title

用住院患者疾病構成分析疾病預防與控制策略

Translated Titles

Analyzing Strategies for Disease Prevention and Control Based on Inpatient Categorization

Authors

陳家應(Jia-Ying Chen);湯先忻(Xian-Xin Tang)

Key Words

住院患者 ; 疾病分類 ; 疾病控制策略 ; inpatient ; disease categorization ; strategies for disease prevention and control

PublicationName

南京醫科大學學報(自然科學版)

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

24卷5期(2004 / 09 / 05)

Page #

522 - 525

Content Language

簡體中文

Chinese Abstract

目的:探討通過住院患者疾病構成間接分析人群疾病譜的可行性,提出疾病預防與控制策略;方法:收集2001年江蘇省縣級以上醫院住院患者疾病分類報表,分析病種及出院者佔用總床日數的構成。結果:住院患者疾病構成與人群死亡譜有非常類似的趨勢;非傳染性疾病在城市和農村均占住院患者的絕對多數,占用床日所占比例更高;損傷和中毒所致住院床日已超過感染性疾病、孕產婦疾病的總和,在縣醫院的比例更高。結論:用住院患者疾病反映人群的健康問題是可行的,在一定程度上較死因的意義更大;非傳染性疾病的預防與控制應加強;感染性疾病、孕產婦疾病等發展中國家的人群健康問題仍然存在,不可忽視;城鄉均應加強意外傷害的預防。

English Abstract

Objective: To explore the feasibility of indirectly analyzing population disease pattern using inpatient categorization, and to raise strategies of disease prevention and control. Methods: The disease category annual report in hospitals at county and higher levels in Jiangsu Province in 2001 was collected, and the disease categorization and the relevant total bed-day occupancy were analyzed. Results: There is a very similar trend of disease pattern between inpatient and population death; non-communicable disease (NCD) takes the major part of total inpatients in both rural and urban hospitals, and the proportion of bed-day occupancy is relatively higher; injuries have led more bed-day occupancy than the total of infectious and maternal diseases have. And the proportion of bed- days for injuries is higher in rural hospitals. Conclusion: It is feasible using inpatient disease pattern to indicate population health problems, and under some conditions, it is more significant. Some outstanding health problems to people in developing countries, such as infectious disease maternal health problems, still exist in China and couldn't be ignored. Both urban and rural areas should emphasize injury prevention.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥衛生綜合
醫藥衛生 > 藥理醫學